The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
The wedding kiss.
Congratulations to Tshepo Cameron Modisane and Thoba Calvin Sithole, who were married on April 6, 2013 in what is believed to be one of the first traditional Zulu same-sex weddings since South Africa legalized same-sex marriage in November 2006. The couple were married in the town of KwaDukuza in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
In February, the couple was profiled in South Africa's gay online magazine, Mamba Online. In the profile by Roberto Igual, the couple, both 27-years-old, express gratitude to their supportive families.
Modisane proposed to Sithole in June 2012. They quickly agreed to do things the African way, "respecting the traditions and customs associated with marriage." They decided to have a traditional Zulu ceremony to be followed by a traditional Western wedding later in the year. (Modisane is Tswana and Sithole is Zulu).
The men's relationship and wedding have become something of a cause célèbre in KZN, where a local newspaper featured their nuptials on the front page.
Modisane told Igual that one of the reasons he and Sithole have chosen to be so open is that they "hope to inspire people out there who are still struggling to come to terms with their sexuality."
"We see no reason to hide in darkness as if there is something to be ashamed about. Our marriage is largely symbolic and a sign that black gay men can commit and build family through a happy and loving marriage," he said.
Sithole added, "This is who we are and we are just tired of people judging with no understanding. We are people and entitled to live life to the fullest."
Both men scoffed at the widely held belief that being gay is un-African and that homosexuality was imported into Africa by Western colonialists.
"We grew up in a township and homosexual people have always been around us even though they were ridiculed by members of the community," said Modisane, who added that discrimination, through colonial laws and attitudes, is what was imported to Africa.
"Studies by historians and anthropologists have found same-sex relationships to have been in existence in pre-colonial Africa," he pointed out. "Most Africans need to stop making excuses for their own fears and embrace that same-sex relations have been happening in Africa since time immemorial."
Igual describes Modisane and Sithole as members "of a new generation of young gay Africans who are determined to claim an equal space in their communities."
South African television news channel ENCA reported sympathetically on the wedding. In the video Modisane says "Being gay is as African as being black."
Hat tip to Towleroad.com