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Popular Topics in Social Sciences
Africa: Sub-Saharan, Pre-Independence
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
 
Stonewall Riots Stonewall Riots
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
 
Native Americans
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
 
The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980 The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
 
Mixed-Orientation Marriages
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
 
Leather Culture
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
 
Transgender Activism
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
 
Gay Liberation Front
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
 
Congratulations
 
Congratulations to Washington state Senator Ed Murray
Posted by: Claude J. Summers on 11/16/12
Last updated on: 11/16/12
 
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Sen. Ed Murray. Photograph by Ryan Georgi (CC BY 2.0).

On November 13, 2012, Washington state Senator Ed Murray, a Seattle Democrat who led the state's marriage equality fight, was named Majority Leader of the state Senate. Murray served eleven years in the state House of Representatives before being elected to the Senate in 2006.

Murray was the co-sponsor of the state's marriage equality bill, which passed earlier this year and was affirmed by voters in the November 6, 2012 election. Murray described the victory at the polls as rectifying an injustice.

He has been the partner of Michael Shiosaki for more than two decades. The couple is expected to wed soon.

Murray, chairman of the Senate Ways and Means Committee, was elected majority leader by acclamation. He replaces Sen. Lisa Brown of Spokane, who did not seek re-election. Murray is the first openly gay caucus leader in state history and the only openly gay Senate leader currently serving in the nation.

Following news of Murray's selection, Chuck Wolfe, president and CEO of the Victory Fund, said that he "has proven that openly LGBT Americans have much to offer their communities as leaders and representatives, and his commitment to open and honest public service has set an example for LGBT youth."

The first openly gay state Senate leader in the United States was the late Allan Spear of Minnesota. He was first elected to the Minnesota Senate in 1972 and came out publicly in 1974. Spear served a total of 28 years in the senate, retiring in 2000. He was President of the Senate from 1992 to 2000.

Four openly gay Democrats have been selected as leaders of the lower house in other states: Assembly Speaker John Perez in California, House Speaker Gordon D. Fox in Rhode Island, incoming House Speaker Mark Ferrandino in Colorado, and Oregon Representative Tina Kotek.

In the video below from February 14, 2012, Murray speaks at ceremony at which Governor Christine Gregoire signed the marriage equality bill he shepherded through the state senate.

 
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