Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg.
At the conclusion of the United Kingdom's consultation on marriage equality Deputy Prime Minister Nick Clegg has made a video in which he states that marriage equality in Britain is no longer a question of "if." In his video for the Out4Marriage campaign, Clegg says he is committed to making it "happen now" while his party is in the coalition government.
Clegg, the leader of the Liberal Democrats, became Deputy Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and Lord President of the Council on May 11, 2012 through a coalition agreement with the Conservative Party under Prime Minister David Cameron.
When neither the Conservative Party nor the Labour Party received a majority in the 2010 General Election, the Liberal Democrats held the balance of power. After negotiations between Clegg and Cameron, a coalition government was formed.
Clegg has been a member of parliament since 2005 and Leader of the Liberal Democrats since 2007. Previously, he was an award-winning journalist and a member of the European parliament.
As Stephen Gray points out in PinkNews, Clegg became the first major political leader to support equal marriage when in 2010 he declared, "I support gay marriage. Love is the same, straight or gay, so the civil institution should be the same, too. All couples should be able to make that commitment to one another."
In his Out4Marriage video released on June 20, 2012, he repeats the sentiment and affirms that it is no longer a question of 'if' marriage equality will become law in Great Britain.
In his video, Clegg says, "I've always been very clear on this: love is the same, straight or gay, so the civil institution should be the same too.
"All couples should be able to make that commitment to one another, regardless of who they love.
"I fought for equal marriage before I was in Government, and I'm even more committed to making it happen now--as a Liberal Democrat and as Deputy Prime Minister.
"We brought forward our proposals--they have provoked a heated debate.
"But these are proposals about when and how to open up civil marriage to gay and lesbian couples. It's not a matter of 'if' any more.
"And to those who are worried about some of the opposition to this move or the tone of the debate, let me just say, whether you are a gay, lesbian, bisexual, transsexual or straight: your freedom to love who you choose is a fundamental right in a liberal society--and you will always have our support. That's why I'm Out4Marriage."
Below is Deputy Prime Minister Clegg's video.