The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
An image from Elise Dodeles' Sports series.
Artist Elise Dodeles will be featured at Philadelphia's William Way LGBT Community Center gallery in a solo exhibition from January 13 through March 3, 2012. Dodeles won the 2011 Juried Art Competition and Exhibition at the Center.
The works to be featured in the William Way Community Center show are drawn from images Dodeles found in online archives, books, and family photos that that she has transformed into meditations on race, sex, gender, and power.
A painting from the William Way LGBT Community Center Gallery's solo exhibition of Dodeles' work.
In earlier work, Dodeles created a series of images of male athletes, an unusual subject for a lesbian artist. She says that she found strength in the subject area after a serious illness left her feeling weak and vulnerable. Additional images of her sports paintings can be found on her website.
A painting from Dodeles' Sports series.
An opening reception will take place on Friday, January 13, 2012 at the William Way LGBT Community Center.
Images courtesy Elise Dodeles, © Elise Dodeles.