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Popular Topics in Literature
García Lorca, Federico García Lorca, Federico
The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
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Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
African-American Literature: Gay Male African-American Literature: Gay Male
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Camp Camp
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Hughes, Langston Hughes, Langston
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Baldwin, James Arthur Baldwin, James Arthur
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Wilde, Oscar Wilde, Oscar
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Topics In the News
Father of Bullied Boy Scout Speaks Out
Posted by: Claude J. Summers on 05/20/13
Last updated on: 05/20/13
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Eric Andresen.

The Boy Scouts of America is scheduled to decide on May 24, 2013 whether to alter its long-standing ban on gay scouts and leaders. The proposal to be put before the roughly 1400 voting members of the BSA National Council would allow the participation of gay scouts, but not gay adult leaders. On the eve of this debate, the father of bullied gay scout Ryan Andresen has spoken out in a video made by Equality California.

Ryan Andresen came to national attention in October 2012, when it was revealed that he had been denied an Eagle Scout pin because he is gay. Despite having completed all the requirements for the award, leaders of Andresen's Boy Scout troop refused to grant him the Eagle Scout award.

In protest, Andresen's father resigned as assistant Scoutmaster of his son's troop and his mother launched a change.org petition asking that the Boy Scouts of America's discriminatory policy be changed and that her son be given the award that he earned. The petition received almost 500,000 signatures.

From his appearances on television news shows and on the Ellen Show, it became apparent that Ryan Andresen is an articulate and self-confident young man committed to making change in the world.

However, he was not always like that. In fact, as a profile by Peter Crooks in the San Francisco East Bay magazine Diablo aptly entitled "Excluded" revealed, he is a survivor of egregious bullying.

When he was a fifth-grader, Andresen joined Boy Scout Troop 212, which is sponsored by the Moraga Valley Presbyterian Church. Soon after joining, he was tormented at the troop's annual summer camp week. In a particularly cruel hazing ritual, called Name Night, the scouts smeared "faggot" in charcoal on his sweatshirt and made him wear it.

When he finally told his parents about the incident, they were suitably horrified, but the bullying continued not only at Moraga Valley Presbyterian Church, but also at his middle school. By the time he entered high school, Andresen felt like an outcast. He ultimately transferred to a private school in Berkeley, where he has thrived.

Although he wanted to give up scouting, Andresen decided to use it as a means of responding to the bullying he had experienced. Thus, he chose as his Eagle Scout project building a "tolerance wall" at the very middle school at which his life was made so miserable by bullies.

Andresen's parents have been admirably supportive of their son. Thus, it comes as no surprise that Eric Andresen has spoken out against the bullying and discrimination experienced by Ryan.

In a video made for Equality California, Eric Andresen not only explains the pain his family has endured as a result of the Boy Scouts' treatment of his son, but he also endorses the Youth Equality Act now pending in the California legislature. This bill would require that nonprofit youth organizations that receive special state tax privileges comply with California's nondiscrimination laws. Specifically, the bill revokes the special tax status awarded to nonprofit youth organizations like the Boy Scouts should they violate California's nondiscrimination laws.

Below is Eric Andresen's video

In the video below, Ryan Andresen and his mother discuss the denial of his Eagle Badge with Anderson Cooper.

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