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Popular Topics in Social Sciences
Africa: Sub-Saharan, Pre-Independence
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
 
Stonewall Riots Stonewall Riots
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
 
Native Americans
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
 
The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980 The Sexual Revolution, 1960-1980
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
 
Mixed-Orientation Marriages
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
 
Leather Culture
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
 
Transgender Activism
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
 
Gay Liberation Front
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
 
Topics In the News
 
Father of Bullied Boy Scout Speaks Out
Posted by: Claude J. Summers on 05/20/13
Last updated on: 05/20/13
 
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Eric Andresen.

The Boy Scouts of America is scheduled to decide on May 24, 2013 whether to alter its long-standing ban on gay scouts and leaders. The proposal to be put before the roughly 1400 voting members of the BSA National Council would allow the participation of gay scouts, but not gay adult leaders. On the eve of this debate, the father of bullied gay scout Ryan Andresen has spoken out in a video made by Equality California.

Ryan Andresen came to national attention in October 2012, when it was revealed that he had been denied an Eagle Scout pin because he is gay. Despite having completed all the requirements for the award, leaders of Andresen's Boy Scout troop refused to grant him the Eagle Scout award.

In protest, Andresen's father resigned as assistant Scoutmaster of his son's troop and his mother launched a change.org petition asking that the Boy Scouts of America's discriminatory policy be changed and that her son be given the award that he earned. The petition received almost 500,000 signatures.

From his appearances on television news shows and on the Ellen Show, it became apparent that Ryan Andresen is an articulate and self-confident young man committed to making change in the world.

However, he was not always like that. In fact, as a profile by Peter Crooks in the San Francisco East Bay magazine Diablo aptly entitled "Excluded" revealed, he is a survivor of egregious bullying.

When he was a fifth-grader, Andresen joined Boy Scout Troop 212, which is sponsored by the Moraga Valley Presbyterian Church. Soon after joining, he was tormented at the troop's annual summer camp week. In a particularly cruel hazing ritual, called Name Night, the scouts smeared "faggot" in charcoal on his sweatshirt and made him wear it.

When he finally told his parents about the incident, they were suitably horrified, but the bullying continued not only at Moraga Valley Presbyterian Church, but also at his middle school. By the time he entered high school, Andresen felt like an outcast. He ultimately transferred to a private school in Berkeley, where he has thrived.

Although he wanted to give up scouting, Andresen decided to use it as a means of responding to the bullying he had experienced. Thus, he chose as his Eagle Scout project building a "tolerance wall" at the very middle school at which his life was made so miserable by bullies.

Andresen's parents have been admirably supportive of their son. Thus, it comes as no surprise that Eric Andresen has spoken out against the bullying and discrimination experienced by Ryan.

In a video made for Equality California, Eric Andresen not only explains the pain his family has endured as a result of the Boy Scouts' treatment of his son, but he also endorses the Youth Equality Act now pending in the California legislature. This bill would require that nonprofit youth organizations that receive special state tax privileges comply with California's nondiscrimination laws. Specifically, the bill revokes the special tax status awarded to nonprofit youth organizations like the Boy Scouts should they violate California's nondiscrimination laws.

Below is Eric Andresen's video

In the video below, Ryan Andresen and his mother discuss the denial of his Eagle Badge with Anderson Cooper.

 
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