The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
On August 14, 2013, the California Supreme Court unceremoniously rejected the final challenge to same-sex marriage in the state. In a one-sentence order, the Court rejected a petition in which the sponsors of Proposition 8 sought to have the ban on same-sex marriage restored in most of the state. They had argued that the federal district court decision by Judge Vaughn Walker applied only to the named plaintiffs and, at most, to only two counties in the state.
The California Supreme Court order, signed by Chief Justice Tani Cantil-Sakauye, did not dignify the petitioners even to the extent of engaging their arguments, which had been dismissed as absurd by Attorney General Kamala Harris.
The Court's rejection of the petition filed by Protect Marriage brings an end to pending litigation seeking to stop gay and lesbian weddings in the state. A similar petition filed by San Diego Clerk of Court Ernie Dronenburg was withdrawn last week.
San Francisco City Attorney Dennis Herrera issued the following statement. "With the state Supreme Court's denial today, I'm gratified that marriage equality in California has been vindicated. Again. By now, I suppose we know better than to predict that Prop. 8 proponents will actually give up their fight. But it's certainly fair to say that their remaining legal options are increasingly absurd. The fundamental right of gay and lesbian couples to marry in California is secure, and I'm pleased our state high court recognized that today."
The California Supreme Court had earlier denied a request by the sponsors of Proposition 8 for an immediate stay of same-sex marriages while the panel considered the petition for review. The Court then rebuffed a similar request for a stay by Dronenburg. Both those decisions were unanimous.
An earlier request by the Proposition 8 sponsors for a U.S. Supreme Court stay was rejected by Justice Anthony Kennedy on June 30.
Same-sex marriages resumed in California on June 28 after the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals lifted a stay of the injunction against enforcement of Judge Walker's decision that declared Proposition 8 unconstitutional.
Judge Walker's decision became binding when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Proposition 8 supporters had no standing to appeal it.