Straight men who have sex with men do so for a number of reasons, but in general such activity is about physical release and sexual behaviors, not about attraction or desire for another man.
Transgender people--more specifically, people who were born male but present themselves as female--are Brazil's single most marginalized group.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
Cross-dressers have often been misunderstood and maligned, especially in societies with rigid gender roles.
The homosexuality of Frederick the Great of Prussia was an open secret during his reign, yet some historians have attempted to deny it or to diminish its significance.
Butch-femme identities are controversial and difficult to define with precision, but both roles subvert prescribed gender and sexual expectations; ultimately, the butch-femme dynamic is a unique way of living and loving.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
The lesbian "sex wars" of the 1980s, centered on issues of pornography and s/m, constituted one of the most significant debates among second-wave feminists in North America and Europe.
On August 14, 2013, the California Supreme Court unceremoniously rejected the final challenge to same-sex marriage in the state. In a one-sentence order, the Court rejected a petition in which the sponsors of Proposition 8 sought to have the ban on same-sex marriage restored in most of the state. They had argued that the federal district court decision by Judge Vaughn Walker applied only to the named plaintiffs and, at most, to only two counties in the state.
The California Supreme Court order, signed by Chief Justice Tani Cantil-Sakauye, did not dignify the petitioners even to the extent of engaging their arguments, which had been dismissed as absurd by Attorney General Kamala Harris.
The Court's rejection of the petition filed by Protect Marriage brings an end to pending litigation seeking to stop gay and lesbian weddings in the state. A similar petition filed by San Diego Clerk of Court Ernie Dronenburg was withdrawn last week.
San Francisco City Attorney Dennis Herrera issued the following statement. "With the state Supreme Court's denial today, I'm gratified that marriage equality in California has been vindicated. Again. By now, I suppose we know better than to predict that Prop. 8 proponents will actually give up their fight. But it's certainly fair to say that their remaining legal options are increasingly absurd. The fundamental right of gay and lesbian couples to marry in California is secure, and I'm pleased our state high court recognized that today."
The California Supreme Court had earlier denied a request by the sponsors of Proposition 8 for an immediate stay of same-sex marriages while the panel considered the petition for review. The Court then rebuffed a similar request for a stay by Dronenburg. Both those decisions were unanimous.
An earlier request by the Proposition 8 sponsors for a U.S. Supreme Court stay was rejected by Justice Anthony Kennedy on June 30.
Same-sex marriages resumed in California on June 28 after the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals lifted a stay of the injunction against enforcement of Judge Walker's decision that declared Proposition 8 unconstitutional.
Judge Walker's decision became binding when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Proposition 8 supporters had no standing to appeal it.