Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
On August 14, 2013, the California Supreme Court unceremoniously rejected the final challenge to same-sex marriage in the state. In a one-sentence order, the Court rejected a petition in which the sponsors of Proposition 8 sought to have the ban on same-sex marriage restored in most of the state. They had argued that the federal district court decision by Judge Vaughn Walker applied only to the named plaintiffs and, at most, to only two counties in the state.
The California Supreme Court order, signed by Chief Justice Tani Cantil-Sakauye, did not dignify the petitioners even to the extent of engaging their arguments, which had been dismissed as absurd by Attorney General Kamala Harris.
The Court's rejection of the petition filed by Protect Marriage brings an end to pending litigation seeking to stop gay and lesbian weddings in the state. A similar petition filed by San Diego Clerk of Court Ernie Dronenburg was withdrawn last week.
San Francisco City Attorney Dennis Herrera issued the following statement. "With the state Supreme Court's denial today, I'm gratified that marriage equality in California has been vindicated. Again. By now, I suppose we know better than to predict that Prop. 8 proponents will actually give up their fight. But it's certainly fair to say that their remaining legal options are increasingly absurd. The fundamental right of gay and lesbian couples to marry in California is secure, and I'm pleased our state high court recognized that today."
The California Supreme Court had earlier denied a request by the sponsors of Proposition 8 for an immediate stay of same-sex marriages while the panel considered the petition for review. The Court then rebuffed a similar request for a stay by Dronenburg. Both those decisions were unanimous.
An earlier request by the Proposition 8 sponsors for a U.S. Supreme Court stay was rejected by Justice Anthony Kennedy on June 30.
Same-sex marriages resumed in California on June 28 after the 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals lifted a stay of the injunction against enforcement of Judge Walker's decision that declared Proposition 8 unconstitutional.
Judge Walker's decision became binding when the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the Proposition 8 supporters had no standing to appeal it.