With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
Commissioner Kevin Beckner.
On June 5, 2013 the County Commissioners of Hillsborough County, Florida repealed an ugly law banning government recognition of Gay Pride. The law, enacted in 2005, was deeply resented by Tampa's large glbtq community because it was enacted as a deliberate insult, singling out one group for special and discriminatory treatment. The law also had the result of branding Hillsborough County as homophobic, which no doubt had an impact on tourism in the area.
The 2005 ban on government recognition of "gay pride" (conspicuously lower-case in the ordinance) was adopted on a 5-1 vote; then, to add further insult to the insult, the Commission on a 6-1 vote added a provision that required a super-majority for it ever to be repealed.
The ban was just another in a long series of anti-gay positions taken by the Republican-dominated county commission over the years. In 1995, the commission pointedly deleted the protection of gay men and lesbians from the county's non-discrimination ordinance. Since then, the commissioners also appointed an infamous anti-gay activist to its Human Relations Board and voted down proposals to extend domestic partner benefits to county employees. Observers have noted a difference between the policies of Tampa's city government, which are generally welcoming and inclusive, and those of Hillsborough County, which are widely regarded as "backward and bigoted."
As Bill Varian of the Tampa Bay-Times reports, on June 5 the ordinance was repealed by a unanimous vote, "but the debate and public testimony were hardly harmonious."
The usual collection of religious fanatics and anti-gay activists spoke during the discussion period. But their fear-mongering and hatred were balanced by eloquent testimony from glbtq citizens and others in favor of fairness. As Varian observes, for a change "Most members of the Republican-dominated commission veered away from the spiritual and toward an argument about discrimination."
The lone African-American Commissioner, Democrat Les Miller offered a bit of both. In announcing his support for the repeal, he told his colleagues that he had confronted discrimination "eyeball to eyeball."
One commissioner, Republican Mark Sharpe, was on the prevailing side of the 2005 vote. He choked up as he reversed himself.
"I teach my kids that when you make a mistake, you correct it yourself," he said, "to not be afraid when you make a mistake and to fight like hell to stick up for the weak and the people who are different than you and people looking for help."
The chief sponsor of the bill, openly gay Commissioner Kevin Beckner, said that "It's time to repeal this ugly ordinance that hangs over the head of this county."
Beckner's impassioned speech is below.
Before the vote was taken, Nadine Smith, executive director of Equality Florida, addressed the Commission. She thanked the opponents of the repeal because their ugly words illustrated clearly the only purpose of the ban, which is to degrade and vilify gay people.