With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
Former DNC Chairperson Howard Dean. Photograph by Matt Wright (GFDL 1.2).
On April 4, Freedom to Marry announced that four former chairs of the Democratic National Committee have endorsed a marriage equality plank in the Democratic Party's 2012 platform.
The former chairs--Howard Dean, Donald Fowler, Steve Grossman, and David Wilhelm--joined such other officials as former Speaker of the House of Representatives Nancy Pelosi and Los Angeles Mayor and Democratic Convention Chair Antonio Villaraigosa in calling for the Party to take an unambiguous position in favor of marriage equality. A marriage plank has also been endorsed by nearly two dozen senators and other high ranking officials.
The growing impetus for a marriage plank in the Party platform increases the pressure on President Obama to "evolve" toward his own embrace of equal marriage rights.
Inasmuch as the Republican Party will almost certainly include a platform denouncing marriage equality, the question of equal rights will be a defining issue separating the parties in the 2012 Presidential election. All the remaining Republican Presidential candidates, including favorite Mitt Romney, have signed the National Organization for Marriage's pledge to oppose same-sex marriage.
Angela Dallara posts the statement from the former DNC chairs at Freedom to Marry's website.
The statement reads, "We are proud that the Democratic Party fights for working families, economic justice, and equal opportunity for all. Times change but our principles must always remain strong. That is why, as former chairs of the Democratic National Committee, we stand with Freedom to Marry, 22 Democratic senators, Leader Nancy Pelosi, and more than 35,000 Americans in urging the Party to include a freedom to marry plank in the platform that is ratified at the Democratic National Convention in Charlotte this September."
Dean served as DNC Chair from 2005 to 2009; Fowler from 1995 to 1997, during President Bill Clinton's re-election campaign; Grossman from 1997 to 1999, during President Clinton's second term; and Wilhelm from 1993 to 1994, during President Clinton's first term.
Evan Wolfson, president of Freedom to Marry, issued the following statement in response to the announcement from the former chairs: "Fighting for families, freedom, and inclusion in the American Dream is the Democratic Party's DNA--its history, values, and vision for the country. That's why so many of the most influential Party leaders--including, today four of the most recent Party chairs--support a freedom to marry plank in the Democratic Party platform."
In the clip below, Fowler appears on Jennifer Granholm's Current TV show to explain why the four former chairs endorsed the marriage equality plank.