Although few gay actors have been permitted the luxury of openness, many of them have challenged and helped reconfigure notions of masculinity and, to a lesser extent, of homosexuality.
Lesbian actresses have played a significant role in Hollywood, but their contributions have rarely been recognized or spoken of openly; the "lavender marriage" is by no means a relic of the past.
Considering the unique set of problems facing lesbians who want to produce erotic art for the enjoyment of other lesbians, it is remarkable that so much lesbian erotica has been produced in so brief a time.
Olympian Brian Orser, known for both his athleticism and artistry, led a resurgence of Canada as a force to be reckoned with in men's figure skating; after being outed in a palimony suit, he has become an advocate for glbtq rights.
Although American gay film icon Brad Davis has been described as "the first heterosexual actor to die of AIDS," he was widely known as bisexual within the entertainment community.
Handsome, athletic, graceful, and charismatic, actor Errol Flynn was widely rumored to enjoy sexual relations with men as well as women.
In nineteenth-century America men who loved other men often suffered from guilt, but artists such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins celebrated male camaraderie and affection, while expatriate John Singer Sargent depicted the dandy, and photographs documented male friendships.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
François Hollande. Photograph by Jean-Marc Ayrault (CC BY 2.0).
On December 15, 2013, France's President François Hollande announced that he would not be attending the Winter Games in Sochi. President Hollande follows German President Joachim Gauck and European Union Justice Commissioner Viviane Reding, who previously announced that they would also boycott the Winter Games in protest of Russia's anti-gay laws. In confirming that Hollande would not attend the Games, French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius told Europe 1 Radio that no top French officials would travel to Sochi.
Meanwhile Russia slides into an ever more violent pogrom against gay people. In one of the most revolting recent incidents, popular Russian television star Ivan Okhlobystin, who is also a Russian Orthodox priest, told Siberian fans that he wants to burn gay people alive.
"I'd put them all alive in the oven . . . it's a living danger to my children," Okhlobystin said. Okhlobystin, a father of six, also demanded that "faggots" be stripped of their voting rights as homosexuality is a "psychical anomaly."
His fans roared their approval.
As John Aravosis commented at America.blog, any remaining doubt as to whether Russia was a modern, developed country went out the window when Okhlobystin called for the country's gay and lesbian population to be thrown into ovens and burned alive.
Aravosis has also recently reported that journalist Andy Humm had discovered that former Olympic figure skater Johnny Weir previously listed himself as an employee of the Russian Embassy in his bio for a speaker's bureau, a fact that was not revealed when NBC announced that it had hired Weir as a commentator at the Sochi Games.
If Weir, who has identified himself as a "Russophile" and has called gay activists "idiots," is an agent of the Russian government, that would pose an obvious conflict of interest for any reporting he would do at the Games.
However, soon after Aravosis's post went online, Weir scrubbed his bio at the speaker's bureau that represents him of the claimed affiliation with the Russian Embassy. He issued a dubious statement saying that the claim that he works with or for the Russian Embassy was merely a "typo."
Meanwhile, the largest gay nightclub in Moscow has, for the twentieth time, been subjected to harassment and threats.