The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
As the nation's attention turns to the dedication of the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum in Dallas, we must not forget the former president's cynical attempt to enshrine discrimination in the Constitution of the United States. His shameful legacy should not be obscured in the name of bipartisanship.
On April 25, the George W. Bush Presidential Library and Museum will be dedicated in Dallas to great fanfare. Planned as a bipartisan affair, President Obama and First Lady Michelle Obama will join former Presidents Jimmy Carter, George H. W. Bush, and Bill Clinton in paying tribute to "W.," notwithstanding the fact that Bush was, by any reasonable standard, the worst president in American history. Indeed, most of the current difficulties in which the United States finds itself may be traced to his irresponsibility and failure of leadership.
Among the most toxic part of Bush's legacy is his cynical manipulation of American homophobia to win electoral advantage. Most of the state constitutional amendments that ban same-sex marriage were promulgated by Republicans in the presidential election years of 2000, 2004, and 2008 in an attempt to use same-sex marriage as a "wedge issue" to motivate their "religious right" base. The strategy was devised and promoted by Bush's "brain," Karl Rove.
Like many of Bush's strategies, it was morally bankrupt yet successful, at least in the short run. The exploitation of homophobia was no doubt responsible for his narrow re-election victory in 2004. The combination of a marriage amendment and voter suppression in Ohio is widely credited for Bush's win in the crucial swing state, which gave him an edge in the electoral college.
In February 2004, Bush doubled-down on the Defense of Marriage Act and endorsed a Federal Marriage Amendment that would have enshrined a ban on marriage equality in the Constitution of the United States.
In an interview on April 24, 2013 with Charlie Rose on CBS This Morning, however, Bush refused to answer questions about same-sex marriage. He told Rose, "Yeah, well, I'm not, I'm not weighing in on these issues, as you know, because I've made the decision to get off the stage."
One hopes that Bush's refusal to discuss the issue now reflects a measure of contrition, or at least recognition of the destructiveness his cynical grab for power caused.
More likely, however, Bush's refusal to own his legacy is simply a recognition that the country has moved on and that marriage equality is now, except in the reddest areas of the country, more likely to function as a wedge issue for Democrats than for Republicans.
But if Bush wants to forget his role in promoting homophobia, we must not.
Below is a video of the news conference in which Bush endorses the Federal Marriage Amendment.