Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Happy Mother's Day 2012 to all mothers, gay and straight, dead and alive. As we remember our mothers today, our emotions may run the gamut. If our mothers are no longer with us, today may be a painful day. If our mothers failed to be supportive, the day can also call up decidedly mixed emotions. Still, today is a day to remember our mothers, especially those who have supported and nurtured us.
Today I think especially of mothers like Jeanne Manford, who was so appalled at the failure of the police to protect her gay activist son when he was assaulted that she, along with her husband, began marching in gay pride parades and took action to found the international support organization, Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays (PFLAG).
Or Judy Shepard who was also hurt into activism. She was transformed by the devastating loss of her beloved son into a crusader against hatred.
For those of us who have lost our mothers, Mother's Day is always complex, as explained in a beautiful column by Frank Bruni in the New York Times.
Some of us have lesbian mothers and some of us are lucky enough to have two lesbian mothers, as videos by Orlando Pride and by Zach Wahls remind us.
Finally, President Obama issued a powerful video celebrating mothers.