The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
On July 18, 2013, hours before a court deadline, House Republican leaders announced that the Bipartisan Legal Advisory Group (BLAG) will no longer defend challenges to the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) and related statutes. The decision comes three weeks after the Supreme Court ruling in Windsor v. United States, which declared DOMA unconstitutional, and just hours before a federal district judge had ordered BLAG to respond to a request for a summary judgment in a suit involving the rights of servicemembers and their same-sex spouses. BLAG had intervened in that case to defend the federal definition of marriage in the U. S. Code of Military Justice.
In a filing in the case of McLaughlin et al. v. Panetta, BLAG informed the Court that "the House has determined, in light of the Supreme Court's opinion in Windsor, that it no longer will defend the [related statute in the U. S. Code of Military Justice]. Accordingly, the House now seeks leave to withdraw as a party defendant."
As Chris Geidner reports in BuzzFeed, the motion is in response to a recent filing in the case that asked for a summary judgment in favor of the plaintiffs, who are challenging (in addition to DOMA) two statutes in Title 38 of the U.S. Code regarding veterans' benefits that define "spouse" as a "person of the opposite sex."
"The document from the legal team speaks for itself," House Speaker John Boehner's spokesman, Michael Steel, told BuzzFeed, when asked for comment on the move.
In response to the news that BLAG had ceased defending the statutes, Chad Griffin of the Human Rights Campaign said, "After millions of taxpayer dollars wasted defending discrimination, it's a historic sign of the times that the House leadership is dropping its pointless quest to maintain second-class status for lesbian and gay couples."
There are additional cases remaining in federal courts challenging DOMA and related statutes. The Windsor decision means that these cases must be decided in favor of the plaintiffs. It is good news that BLAG seems to have reached the same conclusion and are finally withdrawing from the futile (but expensive) practice of fighting these challenges.
Since the appointment of Paul Clement to defend DOMA after the Department of Justice in February 2011, acting on the orders of President Obama, decided no longer to defend a law it had determined was unconstitutional, Clement has not won a single case. With Clement reportedly paid $520 per hour, the House appropriated more than $3,000,000 to defend the discriminatory law.
In the video below, NBC reporter Pete Williams reports on the Supreme Court ruling striking down DOMA.