Although few gay actors have been permitted the luxury of openness, many of them have challenged and helped reconfigure notions of masculinity and, to a lesser extent, of homosexuality.
Lesbian actresses have played a significant role in Hollywood, but their contributions have rarely been recognized or spoken of openly; the "lavender marriage" is by no means a relic of the past.
Considering the unique set of problems facing lesbians who want to produce erotic art for the enjoyment of other lesbians, it is remarkable that so much lesbian erotica has been produced in so brief a time.
Olympian Brian Orser, known for both his athleticism and artistry, led a resurgence of Canada as a force to be reckoned with in men's figure skating; after being outed in a palimony suit, he has become an advocate for glbtq rights.
Although American gay film icon Brad Davis has been described as "the first heterosexual actor to die of AIDS," he was widely known as bisexual within the entertainment community.
Handsome, athletic, graceful, and charismatic, actor Errol Flynn was widely rumored to enjoy sexual relations with men as well as women.
In nineteenth-century America men who loved other men often suffered from guilt, but artists such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins celebrated male camaraderie and affection, while expatriate John Singer Sargent depicted the dandy, and photographs documented male friendships.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
HUD Secretary Shaun Donovan.
On January 30, 2012, the Department of Housing and Urban Development released the final text of a rule prohibiting sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination in several of the agency's programs, including Title VIII-based public housing and Federal Housing Administration-backed loans.
Secretary Shaun Donovan announced the new rule on January 28 at the NGLTF's Creating Change conference in Baltimore. "Today, I am proud to announce a new equal access to housing rule that says clearly and unequivocally that LGBT individuals and couples have the right to live where they choose," he told the audience, which rose to its feet with applause.
The rule requires owners and operators of HUD-assisted housing, or housing whose financing is insured by HUD, to make housing available without regard to the sexual orientation or gender identity of an applicant for, or occupant of, the dwelling, whether renter- or owner-occupied.
It also prohibits lenders from using sexual orientation or gender identity as a basis for determining a borrower's eligibility for FHA-insured mortgage financing.
In addition, it clarifies that all otherwise eligible families, regardless of marital status, sexual orientation, or gender identity, will have the opportunity to participate in HUD programs. The new rule makes clear that otherwise eligible families may not be excluded because one or more members of the family are LGBT, are in an LGBT relationship, or are perceived to be such an individual or in such a relationship.
Finally, the rule prohibits owners and operators of HUD-assisted housing or housing insured by HUD from asking about an applicant or occupant's sexual orientation and gender identity for the purpose of determining eligibility or otherwise making housing available. This provision, however, does not prohibit voluntary and anonymous reporting of sexual orientation or gender identity pursuant to state, local, or federal data collection requirements.
Secretary Donovan's announcement of the new rule was greeted with praise from officials of the National Center for Lesbian Rights, the National Center for Transgender Equality, and the Human Rights Campaign. These comments may be found in Chris Geidner's report on the announcement for MetroWeekly.
On January 31, in answer to a question from the Washington Blade John Trasviña, assistant secretary for Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity, confirmed that the rule would apply to religious institutions, saying, "All HUD housing providers are covered under this rule."
More precisely, religious institutions that receive funding or other aid from HUD must abide by the nondiscrimination rule. If they provide housing solely through their own funds, they are permitted to discriminate.
Secretary Donovan's speech at the Creating Change Conference may be found here: Remarks of Secretary Shaun Donovan.
The new rule, which goes into effect 30 days after its publication in the Federal Register, may be found here: HUD Final Rule.
In this video NGLTF Executive Secretary Rea Carey and Secretary of HUD Shaun Dononvan discuss housing discrimination.