The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Alan Sues. Video still courtesy Todd Lampe.
Comic actor Alan Sues died in Los Angeles on December 1, 2011, apparently as the result of a heart attack.
Sues gained fame as a member of the cast of the seminal comedy-sketch television show Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In. He joined the cast in 1968, its second season, and remained with the show until 1972, the year before it went off the air.
Laugh-In launched the careers of such television stars as Lily Tomlin, Goldie Hawn, Ruth Buzzi, Jo Anne Worley, and Flip Wilson.
On the show, Sues played a number of flamboyant characters, most of whom displayed stereotypically gay mannerisms. They included a hung-over children's entertainer; an effeminate sportscaster; and a drag impersonator of Jo Anne Worley.
Sues never officially came out during his period of fame, fearing that doing so would have ended his career. "It wasn't because he was ashamed of being gay; it was because he was surviving as a performer," his friend Michael Michaud told the New York Times.
Michaud added that Sues was an inspiration to many gay viewers. "Many gay men came up to him and said how important he was when they were young because he was the only gay man they could see on television," he said.
Sues, who had been trained as a dramatic actor, found himself typecast as an over-the-top comedian as a result of the success of Laugh-In.