Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
British gay rights pioneer Allan Horsfall died on August 31, 2012. One of the founders of the Homosexual Law Reform Society, formed in 1958 to campaign for the implementation of the reforms recommended by the Wolfenden Report, Horsfall has been described by Peter Tatchell as the "grandfather of the gay rights movement."
A Labour Party politician, Horsfall served as Councillor for Nelson, Lancashire between 1958 and 1961. During this period, at considerable risk to his position in the Party, he introduced the local Labour party to the ideas of homosexual law reform. In 1959, he introduced a motion to support the decriminalization of homosexuality.
In 1964, Horsfall founded the Manchester-based North-West Homosexual Law Reform committee. As Sarah Leeves explains in PinkPaper, the Manchester organization was Britain's first grassroots, gay-led campaign group. It grew into a national body in 1969, as the Committee for Homosexual Equality and was renamed again in 1971 as the Campaign for Homosexual Equality (CHE).
Under Horsfall's presidency in the 1970s and 1980s, the CHE grew to be the largest gay rights group in the United Kingdom.
In the videos below, from a November 2006 conference, Horsfall explains the progress of gay rights, especially within the Labour Party.