Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Following a long battle with cancer, gay rights activist Aristide Laurent, one of the founders of The Advocate, died at his home in Los Angeles on October 26, 2011.
In 1967, Laurent, along with Richard Mitch, Bill Rau, and Sam Allen, founded the gay newspaper originally known as The Los Angeles Advocate. Laurent, Rau, and Allen worked at ABC Television, where they produced early issues of the publication in the studio's basement print shop. Under the pseudonym "P. Nutz," Laurent also contributed a night life column, "Mariposas de la Noche," to the newspaper.
The Advocate was established in the wake of police harassment of gay men in Los Angeles. Laurent himself protested against the raids of the Silver Lake gay bar known as the Black Cat that sparked a new level of gay militancy in Los Angeles. Later, in the 1980s, he was active in the Los Angeles chapter of ACT UP.
Laurent remained with The Advocate until 1975, when the newspaper briefly relocated to San Francisco. He stayed in Los Angeles, where he began publishing NewsWest, a gay newspaper that ran until 1977.
A native of Magnolia Springs, Alabama, Laurent is survived by two nieces and a nephew.