Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
The writers of the Beat Generation, many of whom were gay or bisexual, endorsed gay rights as a part of their rebellion against inhibition and self-censorship.
The Comedy of Manners, which flourished on the Restoration stage, has been particularly amenable to twentieth-century gay male writers as a vehicle for social satire in both dramatic and nondramatic works.
Using his and his family's experiences, particularly his childhood in Raleigh, North Carolina, and his own wacky perspective on life, David Sedaris has become a world-famous humorist, comedian, writer, playwright, and radio personality.
From the great modernist writers of the 1920s and 1930s to the pulp writers of the 1950s to the lesbian writers of today, lesbian novelists have had a powerful impact on the lesbian community.
From its beginning, the nineteenth century in England had a purposeful homosexual literature of considerable bulk, both male and female, though it was fettered by oppression.
Persecuted for his homosexuality by the Castro government he had once championed, Cuban novelist, essayist, and poet Reinaldo Arenas challenged all types of ideological dogmatism.
Baudelaire was among the first French poets to include lesbians as subjects.
Danish gay activist Axel Axgil died on October 29, 2011 in a Copenhagen hospital following complications from a fall. He was 96. His long-time partner Eigel Axgil preceded him in death. The two, who had been together for 40 years at the time, were among 11 couples to exchange vows on October 1, 1989, when Denmark became the first country in the world to recognize same-sex partnership with almost all the rights extended to heterosexual married couples.
In 1948, Axel, born Axel Lundahl-Madsen, and Eigil, born Eigil Eskildsen, together with several friends, founded F-48 or Forbundet af 1948 (The League of 1948), Denmark's first gay rights organization.
Vivi Jelstrup, a spokeswoman for LGBA Danmark, said Axgil in many ways personified the struggle for gay rights in Denmark.