The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Publisher Barbara Grier died on November 10, 2011 in a Tallahassee, Florida hospital, where she was being treated for cancer. Best known as one of the founders of Naiad Press, which became America's foremost publisher of lesbian books, Grier expressed her commitment to lesbian literature in a number of ways, including as collector, reviewer, bibliographer, and editor.
In 1957, Grier, already a collector of lesbian writings, subscribed to The Ladder, the magazine of the Daughters of Bilitis (DOB). She soon began writing for the magazine herself, contributing book notes, reviews, articles, and short stories under several pseudonyms. From 1968 to 1972, she edited the publication.
In 1973, with Anyda Marchant and Muriel Crawford, Grier and her partner Donna McBride founded Naiad Press. In the 1980s, the press burgeoned into the world's largest publisher of lesbian books. It ceased operation in 2005.
Grier and McBride won a Lambda Literary Award in 1991 in the Publisher's Service category.
In 1995, Grier and McBride donated their collection of lesbiana to the James C. Hormel Gay and Lesbian Center of the San Francisco Public Library. The collection, valued at $400,000 at the time of its donation, comprises more than fifteen thousand books, monographs, and manuscripts. It also includes photographs and items of memorabilia.
Grier is survived by McBride, her partner in life and in business. The couple married in California in 2008.