Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Publisher Barbara Grier died on November 10, 2011 in a Tallahassee, Florida hospital, where she was being treated for cancer. Best known as one of the founders of Naiad Press, which became America's foremost publisher of lesbian books, Grier expressed her commitment to lesbian literature in a number of ways, including as collector, reviewer, bibliographer, and editor.
In 1957, Grier, already a collector of lesbian writings, subscribed to The Ladder, the magazine of the Daughters of Bilitis (DOB). She soon began writing for the magazine herself, contributing book notes, reviews, articles, and short stories under several pseudonyms. From 1968 to 1972, she edited the publication.
In 1973, with Anyda Marchant and Muriel Crawford, Grier and her partner Donna McBride founded Naiad Press. In the 1980s, the press burgeoned into the world's largest publisher of lesbian books. It ceased operation in 2005.
Grier and McBride won a Lambda Literary Award in 1991 in the Publisher's Service category.
In 1995, Grier and McBride donated their collection of lesbiana to the James C. Hormel Gay and Lesbian Center of the San Francisco Public Library. The collection, valued at $400,000 at the time of its donation, comprises more than fifteen thousand books, monographs, and manuscripts. It also includes photographs and items of memorabilia.
Grier is survived by McBride, her partner in life and in business. The couple married in California in 2008.