With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
Darren Manzella urging the repeal of DADT.
Darren Manzella, one of the heroes in the struggle against Don't Ask, Don't Tell (DADT), the policy that barred openly gay servicemembers in the U.S. military, died on August 29, 2013 as the result of injuries sustained in an automobile accident in Pittsford, New York.
Manzella came to national attention in 2007 when he announced on the CBS newsprogram 60 Minutes that he was gay. He became the first openly gay service member on active duty to speak to the press from a war zone.
Manzella joined the U.S. Army in April 2002. In March of 2004, he deployed to Iraq, in support of Operation Iraqi Freedom II.
Rising to the rank of Sergeant in the medical corps, he provided medical services during more than one hundred 12-hour patrols on the streets of Baghdad.
While under fire, Manzella cared for Iraqi National Guardsmen, Iraqi civilians, and his fellow service members. He earned the Combat Medical Badge, a swift promotion, and several other awards honoring his courage and devotion to duty.
He returned for a second tour of duty in the Middle East in 2006 and was stationed in Kuwait when he appeared on 60 Minutes.
Manzella had earlier come out to his commander and members of his unit, but the Army had declined to discharge him, illustrating the military's unofficial policy of discharging openly gay servicemembers only after they returned from dangerous assignments in war zones. Such a practice gave the lie to the argument that DADT was necessary to preserve unit cohesion.
After his appearance on national television, however, Manzella was speedily discharged.
He worked for the repeal of DADT with the Servicemembers Legal Defense Network.
After the repeal of DADT in 2011, he enlisted in the New York Army National Guard.
In 2011, Manzella accepted a position as health services specialist with the Department of Veteran Affairs in Rochester, New York.
On July 5, 2013, Manzella married Javier Lapeira in Rochester.
According to deputies with the Monroe County Sheriff's Office, as Manzella was trying to push his car off the highway after a minor crash, another vehicle hit him from behind. He was pronounced dead at the scene.
In addition to his husband Javier Lapeira, Manzella is survived by his parents and siblings and other relatives.
In the clip below, from the Servicemembers Legal Defense Network, Manzella urged the repeal of Don't Ask, Don't Tell.