Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Journalist Doug Ireland died at his home in New York City on October 26, 2013. As the U.S. correspondent for the French political-investigative weekly Bakchich, Ireland wrote about U.S. politics for French audiences, and as the Contributing Editor of International Affairs for New York's Gay City News, he wrote about international news for American gay readers. His reports on gay topics and culture in Russia, Iran, and Europe earned him a wide readership.
Ireland's death was announced in Gay City News by Paul Schindler, who quotes Ireland's longtime friend Valerie Goodman as saying that he had suffered in recent years from the after-effects of childhood polio and from diabetes and severe sciatica. Though no cause of death has yet been established, Ireland had at least two major strokes over the past several years.
Schindler observes that "Despite chronic, at times debilitating pain and frequent hospitalizations, Ireland remained a dogged reporter and book critic in recent years, writing articles for nearly every issue of Gay City News . . . since mid-2005 and also reporting on American politics for French-language publications in France."
As a young man, Ireland was a prominent member of the leftist group Students for a Democratic Society and an organizer against the Vietnam War.
He began his career in journalism at the New York Post. He subsequently wrote columns for such magazines and newspapers as the Village Voice, the New York Observer, New York magazine, and the Paris daily Libération, as well as POZ, In These Times, and Bakchich.