The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
Gray Foy, an artist who achieved an early reputation for his intricate drawings but later became best known as a fixture on the New York City social and cultural scene, especially during the 1960s and 1970s, died on November 23, 2012.
Margalit Fox in her obituary for Foy in the New York Times says that as a young man "Foy was renowned for two things: his ethereal beauty and his artistic promise. He drew as he lived, in minute, meticulously constructed abundance, and his work resembles that of no other artist."
According to Fox, Foy might spend as much as a year on a single pencil drawing, which might feature "massed forms that seem to rear up out of a shared shadowy past: human limbs and torsos, webs of twisted organic shapes that recall tree roots and leaves."
A 1942 drawing by Foy, "Dimensions," was recently donated to the Museum of Modern Art by actor Steve Martin.
After achieving early success as an artist, Foy was later best known as a "tastemaker, bon vivant, salonnier, partygoer, party-giver, genteel accumulator and perennial fixture of New York cultural life." He died "in the 3,500-square-foot, largely lilac-walled apartment in the Osborne, at 205 West 57th Street, where he had lived since the 1960s in congenial Victorian profusion."
Foy's career as an artist was ultimately eclipsed by the flamboyant social and domestic life he enjoyed with Leo Lerman, his companion of nearly half a century. The two "passed the years in a welter of dinner parties, holiday fetes, black-tie galas and opening nights. This heady whirl is recounted in The Grand Surprise (2007; edited by Stephen Pascal), the posthumous journals of Mr. Lerman, a writer and editor for Condé Nast publications who died in 1994."
The two men entertained such luminaries as Frederick Ashton, George Balanchine, Leonard Bernstein, Paul Bowles, Maria Callas, Truman Capote, Carol Channing, Betty Comden and Adolph Green, Aaron Copland, Marcel Duchamp, Margot Fonteyn, John Gielgud, Martha Graham, Cary Grant, Anaïs Nin, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis, Edith Sitwell, Susan Sontag, Virgil Thomson, and Anna May Wong.
More information about the salon presided over by Lerman and Foy may be found in a review of The Grand Surprise by Liesl Schillinger in the New York Times Book Review for April 22, 2007.
After Lerman's death, Foy continued "entertaining to the end of his life, giving parties for as many as 100 guests."
Foy married his second longtime companion, Joel Kay, in 2011. Kay is his only survivor.