Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Jennifer Neuman-Roper (right) with her wife Angelique.
Jennifer Neuman-Roper, one of the plaintiffs in the ACLU's New Mexico marriage equality lawsuit, died on November 8, 2013 of brain cancer. On August 23, she married Angelique Neuman, her partner of more than 20 years, at Christus St. Vincent Regional Cancer Center in Santa Fe, where she was undergoing treatment for an aggressive form of brain cancer.
When a county clerk in Las Cruces decided to begin issuing marriage licenses earlier in August, Neuman and Roper were tempted to travel there to marry. However, Neuman's condition made it impossible to travel to Las Cruces, which is 300 miles away. So the couple sought permission to marry in Santa Fe.
"I want to know that my family will be protected if I pass away," Neuman-Roper said. "Angelique and I have been married in our hearts for 21 years and raised three wonderful children together. Because of my illness, we do not have the luxury of waiting years for the courts to decide whether loving, committed same-sex couples can marry in New Mexico. For us, the time is now."
On August 23, after a judge ordered Santa Fe County to begin issuing marriage licenses, county clerk sent a staffer to the hospital to issue Roper and Neuman a marriage license. They were married hours later that day.
Peter Simonson, Executive Director of the ACLU of New Mexico, issued a statement on November 11 lauding Neuman-Roper. Her participation in the lawsuit "helped open the door for thousands of same-sex couples to celebrate their love and commitment in marriage here in our state," he said.
"She was a beloved member of her community, a loving mother and wife, and a trail blazer for marriage equality in New Mexico. She will be missed."
The New Mexico Supreme Court is expected to issue a ruling soon that is likely to extend marriage equality throughout the state.
Neuman-Roper is survived by her wife, Angelique, and sons Jayms, David, and Damion.
The video below reports on the wedding of Jennifer and Angelique Neuman-Roper.