With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
Jennifer Neuman-Roper (right) with her wife Angelique.
Jennifer Neuman-Roper, one of the plaintiffs in the ACLU's New Mexico marriage equality lawsuit, died on November 8, 2013 of brain cancer. On August 23, she married Angelique Neuman, her partner of more than 20 years, at Christus St. Vincent Regional Cancer Center in Santa Fe, where she was undergoing treatment for an aggressive form of brain cancer.
When a county clerk in Las Cruces decided to begin issuing marriage licenses earlier in August, Neuman and Roper were tempted to travel there to marry. However, Neuman's condition made it impossible to travel to Las Cruces, which is 300 miles away. So the couple sought permission to marry in Santa Fe.
"I want to know that my family will be protected if I pass away," Neuman-Roper said. "Angelique and I have been married in our hearts for 21 years and raised three wonderful children together. Because of my illness, we do not have the luxury of waiting years for the courts to decide whether loving, committed same-sex couples can marry in New Mexico. For us, the time is now."
On August 23, after a judge ordered Santa Fe County to begin issuing marriage licenses, county clerk sent a staffer to the hospital to issue Roper and Neuman a marriage license. They were married hours later that day.
Peter Simonson, Executive Director of the ACLU of New Mexico, issued a statement on November 11 lauding Neuman-Roper. Her participation in the lawsuit "helped open the door for thousands of same-sex couples to celebrate their love and commitment in marriage here in our state," he said.
"She was a beloved member of her community, a loving mother and wife, and a trail blazer for marriage equality in New Mexico. She will be missed."
The New Mexico Supreme Court is expected to issue a ruling soon that is likely to extend marriage equality throughout the state.
Neuman-Roper is survived by her wife, Angelique, and sons Jayms, David, and Damion.
The video below reports on the wedding of Jennifer and Angelique Neuman-Roper.