Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Former NFL player Roy Simmons, who announced his homosexuality after his playing career ended, died on February 20, 2014 at his apartment in New York. He was an offensive lineman for the New York Giants and the Washington Redskins in the 1980s. The cause of his death was complications related to pneumonia. He was diagnosed as HIV-positive in 1997.
Simmons was born on Nov. 8, 1956 in Savannah, Georgia. A football star at Savannah's Beach High School, he attended Georgia Tech and was drafted by the Giants in 1979. In 1983, he joined the Redskins and played in the 1984 Superbowl, his last game in the NFL.
In 1992, Simmons disclosed that he was gay on Phil Donahue's television talk show, Donahue. He was the second former NFL player to come out. Dave Kopay, who came out in 1975 after playing nine seasons in the NFL, was the first.
In 2006, Simmons published a memoir, Out of Bounds: Coming Out of Sexual Abuse, Addiction and My Life of Lies in the N.F.L. Closet.
He is survived by several siblings and a daughter, Kara Jackson, and a grandson.