The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
Sgt. Donna R. Johnson.
Sgt. Donna R. Johnson was killed on October 1, 2012 when a Taliban suicide bomber rammed a motorcycle packed with explosives into a joint U.S.-Afghan patrol in Afghanistan. She and two other members of the North Carolina National Guard were among 14 killed in the attack.
Sgt. Johnson joined the guard in August 2006 and was deployed in Iraq from 2007 to 2008. Among her awards and decorations are the Combat Action Badge, Iraq Campaign Medal, and the Army Commendation Medal.
"We are still grieving for these soldiers, their families and their unit members still carrying on with their mission," said Maj. Gen. Gregory A. Lusk, adjutant general of the North Carolina National Guard. "They were the embodiment of citizen soldiers who put everything on hold to go in harm's way for all of us. They will be remembered and sorely missed."
The American Military Partner Association Facebook page identifies Sgt. Johnson's wife as Tracy Dice.
The post says, "In days to come, the American Military Partner Association will be sharing more of the story of Donna & Tracy and their commitment to each other and our nation. We ask for your continued thoughts, prayers, and privacy for Tracy and her family during this difficult time."
Dice also serves in the military, according to North Carolina TV station WRAL. Rene Johnson, Sgt. Johnson's sister, told WRAL that the couple had been together for several years, long before "don't ask, don't tell" was repealed.
"She is a soldier," Rene Johnson said of her sister. "She went over there to fight, not because she was gay or because she was lesbian."
The WRAL report is below.
Below is a tribute from Fallen Soldiers.