Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Sgt. Donna R. Johnson.
Sgt. Donna R. Johnson was killed on October 1, 2012 when a Taliban suicide bomber rammed a motorcycle packed with explosives into a joint U.S.-Afghan patrol in Afghanistan. She and two other members of the North Carolina National Guard were among 14 killed in the attack.
Sgt. Johnson joined the guard in August 2006 and was deployed in Iraq from 2007 to 2008. Among her awards and decorations are the Combat Action Badge, Iraq Campaign Medal, and the Army Commendation Medal.
"We are still grieving for these soldiers, their families and their unit members still carrying on with their mission," said Maj. Gen. Gregory A. Lusk, adjutant general of the North Carolina National Guard. "They were the embodiment of citizen soldiers who put everything on hold to go in harm's way for all of us. They will be remembered and sorely missed."
The American Military Partner Association Facebook page identifies Sgt. Johnson's wife as Tracy Dice.
The post says, "In days to come, the American Military Partner Association will be sharing more of the story of Donna & Tracy and their commitment to each other and our nation. We ask for your continued thoughts, prayers, and privacy for Tracy and her family during this difficult time."
Dice also serves in the military, according to North Carolina TV station WRAL. Rene Johnson, Sgt. Johnson's sister, told WRAL that the couple had been together for several years, long before "don't ask, don't tell" was repealed.
"She is a soldier," Rene Johnson said of her sister. "She went over there to fight, not because she was gay or because she was lesbian."
The WRAL report is below.
Below is a tribute from Fallen Soldiers.