Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Virginia Spencer Carr.
Virginia Spencer Carr, a literary scholar best known for her biographies of Carson McCullers and Paul Bowles, died on April 10, 2012 at her home in Lynn, Massachusetts. Carr's 1975 biography of McCullers, The Lonely Hunter, remains the standard work on the writer's life.
Carr's biographies of McCullers, John Dos Passos, and Paul Bowles were characterized by exhaustive research and attention to detail, particularly in discovering the sources of literary works in the experiences of the authors.
After receiving her Ph.D. from Florida State University, Carr taught at a number of colleges and universities, but was especially associated with Georgia State University, where she taught for two decades.
Carr is survived by her partner Mary E. Robbins, three daughters, and seven grandchildren.