Although few gay actors have been permitted the luxury of openness, many of them have challenged and helped reconfigure notions of masculinity and, to a lesser extent, of homosexuality.
Lesbian actresses have played a significant role in Hollywood, but their contributions have rarely been recognized or spoken of openly; the "lavender marriage" is by no means a relic of the past.
Although American gay film icon Brad Davis has been described as "the first heterosexual actor to die of AIDS," he was widely known as bisexual within the entertainment community.
Liberace was for many the epitome of flamboyant camp, yet he was also a gay man who steadfastly refused to acknowledge publicly his sexual identity.
Considering the unique set of problems facing lesbians who want to produce erotic art for the enjoyment of other lesbians, it is remarkable that so much lesbian erotica has been produced in so brief a time.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Many gay and lesbian artists who have defied the legal and social prohibitions against explicit or sympathetic depictions of homosexuality have seen their art censored or suppressed.
Handsome, athletic, graceful, and charismatic, actor Errol Flynn was widely rumored to enjoy sexual relations with men as well as women.
Virginia Spencer Carr.
Virginia Spencer Carr, a literary scholar best known for her biographies of Carson McCullers and Paul Bowles, died on April 10, 2012 at her home in Lynn, Massachusetts. Carr's 1975 biography of McCullers, The Lonely Hunter, remains the standard work on the writer's life.
Carr's biographies of McCullers, John Dos Passos, and Paul Bowles were characterized by exhaustive research and attention to detail, particularly in discovering the sources of literary works in the experiences of the authors.
After receiving her Ph.D. from Florida State University, Carr taught at a number of colleges and universities, but was especially associated with Georgia State University, where she taught for two decades.
Carr is survived by her partner Mary E. Robbins, three daughters, and seven grandchildren.