The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
On March 19, 2013, Parsippany, New Jersey high school senior Jacob Rudolph delivered moving testimony to the Health Committee of the New Jersey Senate, which is considering a bill that would ban state-licensed professionals from subjecting minors to sexual orientation conversion therapy, which is also known as "reparative therapy." Rudolph said, "I am not broken. I am not confused. I do not need to be fixed."
The bill, which is sponsored by openly-gay state Assemblyman Tim Eustace, a Democrat from Bergen County, would prohibit licensed practitioners from performing reparative therapy on minors, even with parental permission. If passed, New Jersey would join California, which adopted a similar law last year, as the only two states banning reparative therapy for minors. The California law has been held in abeyance pending a challenge by anti-gay groups.
The American Psychiatric Association and other professional societies have condemned reparative therapy as both ineffectual and dangerously misguided. The APA issued a statement in 1998 observing that "the potential risks of 'reparative therapy' are great, including depression, anxiety and self-destructive behavior, since the therapist's alignment with societal prejudices against homosexuality may reinforce self-hatred already experienced by the patient."
Also testifying in favor of the bill was Troy Stevenson, executive director of Garden State Equality. Stevenson told PolitickerNJ that the issue was personal for him because the first boy he kissed as a teenager in Oklahoma was exposed and sent to a "conversion camp" and subsequently committed suicide.
Following the moving testimony of Stevenson and Rudolph, the Senate Health Committee advanced the bill on a 7-1 vote.
Rudolph first came to national attention as the result of his coming out in January at an awards ceremony. Receiving an award for his acting in school plays, he said he had also been acting by having to pretend that he was straight. His coming out was greeted with applause from his classmates. When his father posted a video of his remarks on YouTube, it quickly received almost two million hits.
The video below is of Rudolph's speech before the Senate Health Committee on March 19, 2013.
The video below is of Rudolph's remarks in January, when he came out at his high school award's ceremony.