Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
British MP and Minister of State at the Foreign and Commonwealth Office announces U.K. support for the International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia in 2011.
May 17 is celebrated as the International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia, an annual event organized by the Canadian glbtq group Fondation Émergence. The observance may be traced to 2003, when June 4 was designated as a Canadian National Day against Homophobia. As other countries evinced interest in celebrating a day against homophobia, May 17 was chosen as an appropriate date, since that was the day in 1990 that the World Health Organization removed homosexuality from its list of mental disorders.
A human rights conference held in connection with the first world Outgames in Montréal in the summer of 2006 adopted the "Declaration of Montréal," whose final recommendation "calls on all the countries in the world, and the United Nations, to recognize and promote the 17th of May of each year as the International Day Against Homophobia."
Now organizations in more than 70 countries observe the International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia. It has been officially recognized by the European Union Parliament, Spain, Belgium, the United Kingdom, Mexico, Costa Rica, the Netherlands, France, Luxembourg, and Brazil, as well as by numerous local authorities across the world, such as the province of Quebec or the city of Buenos Aires.
In San Francisco, for example, the city's Board of Supervisors has passed a resolution officially recognizing the International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia. In addition, both the American flag and the United Nations flag will be lowered in honor of the day at the city's United Nations Plaza.
Laurent McCutcheon, president of Fondation Émergence, urges everyone to be involves in the fight against homophobia since homophobia affects all of us.
For a list of events and suggestions as to how to observe the International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia, visit Fondation Émergence's website.
In the video below, from 2011, the U.K. Foreign Office Minister Jeremy Browne declares the British Government's support for the International Day against Homophobia and Transphobia.