Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Apple CEO Tim Cook was one of the fifty on the list. Photograph by Haotian0905 (CC BY-SA 3.0).
On April 10, 2013, Out published its seventh annual ranked list of 50 gay men and women whose power and prestige influence the way Americans think about--and engage with--the world. Leading the "Power 50" list are Apple CEO Tim Cook, talk show host and comedian Ellen DeGeneres, television producer Ryan Murphy, political analyst Rachel Maddow, and television journalist Anderson Cooper.
The list may be found here. Heavily tilted toward entertainment and media figures and overwhelmingly white and male, it is a strikingly non-diverse list. The choices say more about Out and its celebrity obsession than it does about the richness of the glbtq community or, indeed, much about power and influence.
The list includes many of the "usual suspects," such as philanthropists David Geffen and Tim Gill, politicians Tammy Baldwin, Annise Parker, Christine Quinn, Mark Takano, David Cicilline, and Jared Polis, and many Hollywood movers-and-shakers, but only a few activists such as Dan Savage, Evan Wolfson, and Chad Griffin.
Perhaps the most unexpected names on the list include statistics guru Nate Silver, hip-hop musician Frank Ocean, editor-in-chief of Time, Inc. Martha Nelson, newspaper magnate Kevin McClatchey, J. Crew President Jenna Lyons, union leader Mary Kay Henry, White House social secretary Jeremy Bernard, and Google executive Megan Smith.