Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
On March 16, 2012, the first large-scale exhibit focusing on the early works of Keith Haring opens at the Brooklyn Museum of Art. Keith Haring: 1978-1982, which will run through July 8, 2012, traces the development of Haring's visual vocabulary by exploring the period in the artist's career from his arrival in New York City through the years when he began his studio practice and started creating public and political art. By 1982, he had become a fixture on New York City's artistic scene.
The exhibit includes 155 works on paper, numerous experimental videos, and over 150 archival objects, including rarely seen sketchbooks, journals, exhibition flyers, posters, subway drawings, and documentary photographs.
Among the works on view include a number of very early pieces never before seen in public; seven videos, including "Painting Myself into a Corner" (his first video piece) and "Tribute to Gloria Vanderbilt"; and collages created from cut-up fragments of his own writing, history textbooks, and newspapers.
The exhibit, which is curated by Raphaela Platow, also documents Haring's role as a public artist and facilitator of group exhibitions and performances.
The exhibition is co-organized by the Contemporary Arts Center, Cincinnati, and the Kunsthalle Wien. For more information, see the Brooklyn Museum's website.
Although the exhibit does not extend into the artist's final years, when he devoted himself to creating cultural awareness about the AIDS epidemic and other gay rights issues, it explores how Haring emerged to become a cultural force on the New York City art scene.
Haring, who was among the generation of gay men lost in the first wave of the AIDS epidemic, was diagnosed with Kaposi's sarcoma in late 1988, but continued his art until, in his last months, he could no longer hold a pencil or brush.
He was thirty-one years old when he died, on February 16, 1990, in New York City.
Haring's work is featured in the videos below.