The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Mary Bonauto, who has been described as the Thurgood Marshall of the marriage equality movement and has served as the civil rights project director at Gay & Lesbian Advocates & Defenders (GLAD) for more than two decades, will join the legal team challenging Utah's ban on same-sex marriage. Regarded as among the country's best litigators in the cause of marriage equality, Bonauto and GLAD's legal director Gary Buseck will join the team seeking a definitive ruling on the question of marriage equality from the Supreme Court of the United States in the case of Kitchen v. Herbert.
Bonauto and Buseck will join Peggy Tomsic, whose firm, Magleby & Greenwod, represented the plaintiffs from the beginning of the lawsuit and who successfully argued the case before both the District Court and the U.S. Court of Appeals for the the Tenth Circuit. Other members of the team now include Kate Kendell and Shannon Minter of the National Center for Lesbian Rights, who aided in the appeal to the Tenth Circuit. Former Acting Solicitor General Neal Katyal also recently joined the team in preparation for an appeal to the Supreme Court.
Shannon Minter told Chris Geidner at BuzzFeed, "We are thrilled to be adding Mary Bonauto, Gary Buseck and GLAD to the Utah legal team." He added, "Mary and Gary bring an unparalleled depth of experience and expertise litigating the constitutional issues raised by these historic cases. NCLR and GLAD have a long history of working together, and we are honored to be partnering on such an important case at such a critical time in the movement for marriage equality."
Bonauto told Geidner that she and her GLAD colleagues are "very excited" to be joining what she called "such a strong team."
Bonauto may be best known for her success in the Goodridge case that brought marriage equality to Massachusetts. In addition to litigating marriage equality cases in state courts throughout New England, however, she has also won important victories in federal court. In Gill et al. v. Office of Personnel Management and Pederson v. Office of Personnel Management, she persuaded federal courts to declare DOMA unconstitutional.
Utah recently asked the Supreme Court to hear their appeal of the Tenth Circuit ruling in Kitchen that declared the ban on same-sex marriage unconstitutional. In an unusual move, the plaintiffs in the case have also asked the high court to accept the appeal.
The Supreme Court is expected to hear a marriage equality case next term, but it is not required to do so, and it is not clear which case(s) it will hear, though the Utah case and the Virginia case (Bostic v. Schaefer) are leading candidates. The first meeting the justices have scheduled to decide cases to review is on October 10, 2014.
In the video below, Mary Bonauto discusses gay rights with the American Constitution Society.