The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
Androgyny, a psychological blending of gender traits, has long been embraced by strong women, soft men, members of queer communities, and others who do not easily fit into traditionally defined gender categories.
A cultural crossroads between Asia and Europe, Russia has a long, rich, and often violent heritage of varied influences and stark confrontations in regard to its patterns of same-sex love.
Maryland Governor O'Malley.
On February 17, 2012, after hours of tense and emotional debate, Maryland's Assembly passed the marriage equality bill sponsored by Governor Martin O'Malley. The passage reverses the action taken last year by the Assembly and bodes well for Maryland becoming the seventh state to legalize same-sex marriage.
According to the Washington Post, the Assembly's passage of the bill, which was adopted by a vote of 72 to 67, practically assures that it will become law. The Senate, which approved a similar bill last year, is expected to pass it again this year and send it on to Governor O'Malley for his promised signature.
During the debate, Maryland's seven openly gay delegates urged their fellow legislators to pass the bill. "We should extend to families, same-sex loving couples, the right to marry in a civil ceremony," Del. Maggie McIntosh said in a hushed chamber after relaying her experience coming out as a lesbian. "I'm going to ask you today, my colleagues, to make history."
After the vote, Del. Heather Mizeur remarked, "Love makes a family but it's marriage that protects it. Every LGBT family in this state is going to go to bed tonight easier knowing that the state's behind them."
Two Republicans joined 70 Democrats in voting for the bill. One of them, Del. Wade Kach, said that his views on the issue changed after a hearing last week when he heard testimony from loving same-sex couples, including some with children. "My constituents did not send me here to judge people," Kach said.
Kach, who voted against the bill last year, was allegedly lobbied by high-profile Republicans, including former Republican National Committee chair Ken Mehlman, New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg and former Vice President Dick Cheney.
The opponents of the bill cited religious tradition and opposition to "redefining" marriage as reasons for their negative votes.
The passage of the bill in the Assembly is seen as a significant victory for Governor O'Malley, who agreed to sponsor the bill after its defeat last year. In this legislative session, he has made marriage equality a top priority.
After the vote, Governor O'Malley issued a statement congratulating the Assembly members who supported the bill: "Today, the House of Delegates voted for human dignity. Speaker Busch and his fellow Delegates deserve a lot of credit for their hard work. At its heart, their vote was a vote for Maryland's children."
He continued, "There is still work to be done and marriage equality has not yet been achieved in Maryland. Wherever we happen to stand on the marriage equality issue, we can agree that all our children deserve the opportunity to live in a loving, caring, committed, and stable home, protected equally under the law."
Speaker of the Assembly Michael Busch remarked, "To be a part of this historic event is significant. This is the right thing to do. I'm convinced in my heart."
Choking back tears, Carrie Evans, the executive director of Equality Maryland, said it was hard not to become emotional thinking about how hard everyone had worked. Evans said she expects quick passage of the bill in the state Senate as soon as next week.
If, as is expected, the bill is passed by the Senate, opponents have said that they will launch a petition drive that could subject the legislation to a referendum in November. They likely will have little trouble securing the 50,000 signatures necessary. Both sides anticipate an expensive and hard-fought campaign to ensue if the referendum is on the ballot.
More details about the Assembly's passage of the marriage equality bill may be found in Justin Snow's article for Washington's MetroWeekly.