Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Chris Hughes (left) and Sean Eldridge.
Matt McTighe, campaign manager of Mainers United for Marriage, has announced a four-week, $100,000 matching gift fundraising challenge from Chris Hughes and Sean Eldridge. The money will be used in Maine's proactive effort to win marriage equality at the ballot this November.
Hughes, a Facebook co-founder and the Publisher & Editor-in-Chief of The New Republic, and his fiancé, Sean Eldridge, Freedom to Marry Senior Advisor, have generously agreed to match every dollar Mainers United for Marriage raises for the next four weeks, up to $100,000. Eldridge and Hughes are making this gift through Freedom to Marry's Win More States Fund.
The couple, who are scheduled to marry next month in New York, are offering this gift now because they believe Maine is well-positioned to win marriage this November. They know that early investment in the campaign is crucial to victory.
In 2009, Maine voters vetoed a marriage equality bill passed by the state legislature and signed by the governor. Now, however, polls are trending in favor of marriage equality. Participants in the Mainers United for Marriage campaign have held more than 60,000 one-on-one conversations with Mainers, and plan to continue to build support all summer long.
McTighe says, "With this match, and with your support, we will be able to hire more Organizers, reach more Mainers, and continue the work that will help us win in November."
Donations may be made here.
In the video below, released in December 2010, Hughes and Eldridge announce a similar fundraising matching grant to the Gay and Lesbian Advocates and Defenders (GLAD).