The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
Chris Hughes (left) and Sean Eldridge.
Matt McTighe, campaign manager of Mainers United for Marriage, has announced a four-week, $100,000 matching gift fundraising challenge from Chris Hughes and Sean Eldridge. The money will be used in Maine's proactive effort to win marriage equality at the ballot this November.
Hughes, a Facebook co-founder and the Publisher & Editor-in-Chief of The New Republic, and his fiancé, Sean Eldridge, Freedom to Marry Senior Advisor, have generously agreed to match every dollar Mainers United for Marriage raises for the next four weeks, up to $100,000. Eldridge and Hughes are making this gift through Freedom to Marry's Win More States Fund.
The couple, who are scheduled to marry next month in New York, are offering this gift now because they believe Maine is well-positioned to win marriage this November. They know that early investment in the campaign is crucial to victory.
In 2009, Maine voters vetoed a marriage equality bill passed by the state legislature and signed by the governor. Now, however, polls are trending in favor of marriage equality. Participants in the Mainers United for Marriage campaign have held more than 60,000 one-on-one conversations with Mainers, and plan to continue to build support all summer long.
McTighe says, "With this match, and with your support, we will be able to hire more Organizers, reach more Mainers, and continue the work that will help us win in November."
Donations may be made here.
In the video below, released in December 2010, Hughes and Eldridge announce a similar fundraising matching grant to the Gay and Lesbian Advocates and Defenders (GLAD).