With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
Michelangelo Signorile. Photograph by David Shankbone (CC BY 3.0).
In a contentious interview with Frank Schubert, the strategist who specializes in anti-gay campaigns, Michelangelo Signorile exposes his distortions and demonizing of glbtq people. Signorile believes that "If you're gay, Frank Schubert is your enemy. And you should know him."
The interview, which aired on October 16, 2012 on Signorile's Sirius XM radio show, is the subject of Signorile's October 19, 2012 blog at Huffington Post, where the interview itself may be accessed.
In his blog, Signorile describes Schubert as "The most potent force pushing anti-gay bigotry in America, . . . a man who stripped his own lesbian sister and her children of their rights in exchange for big money."
As Signorile points out, "Schubert is the strategist who ran the campaign that convinced voters to pass Proposition 8 in California in 2008, using ads that, among other things, framed gay marriage as dangerous to children. He moved on from there to other states and helped in the campaign that got three judges who had ruled in favor of marriage equality removed from the Iowa Supreme Court in retention elections in 2010. He successfully beat back marriage equality in Maine at the ballot box in 2009, and he got the marriage amendment passed in the brutal battle in North Carolina last May, a battle that inspired anti-gay preachers to call for violence and even death for gays."
Schubert is also the subject of a recent profile by Erik Eckholm in the New York Times. Schubert, who has a lesbian sister who is raising two children in a California domestic partnership, told Eckholm, "It's hurtful to know that many people think I dislike gays and lesbians and wish them harm."
The tears he sheds over this pain are no doubt crocodile tears. More likely, he laughs all the way to the bank.
Schubert, a Republican public relations flack whose reputation as a political strategist was formed by campaigns that defeated ballot proposals to increase tobacco taxes and to require restaurants to offer health insurance to employees, presents his opposition to same-sex marriage as a religious calling.
However, he does not freely offer his expertise to the cause. As Eckholm reports, while Schubert has shifted from lucrative corporate work, he continues to do very well indeed, receiving monthly fees of $10,000 to $20,000 from each of the four state campaigns [he is currently working on] and earning a commission on the voluminous ads he places on radio and television."
Although Schubert is boastful of his successes in defeating efforts to achieve marriage equality, Signorile thinks that he may be starting to lose his cool.
"As he became increasingly overwhelmed by the simple facts I was presenting, unable to offer logical answers," Signorile writes, "he went from being friendly and engaging to becoming agitated and angry."
It is clear that, for all his supposed religious motivations, Schubert is simply another scam artist chiefly motivated by greed.
Signorile may well be right when he concludes that "Schubert knows he's losing. He sees where the trend lines are going. My prediction is that he's going to get really desperate, and he's going to get really ugly before he gives up."
In the video below, from 2009, Signorile interviews another opponent of marriage equality, the National Organization for Marriage's Brian Brown.