Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Queer Nation protests Russian anti-gay policies.
In advance of the Olympic Winter Games in Sochi, more violence and threats of violence against glbtq people in Russia have been reported. Encouraged by the "anti-gay propaganda" law and other legislation targeting gay people, increased violence, often perpetrated by self-proclaimed vigilantes, has been reported in Russia. These include, in addition to brutal murders and harassment of individuals, bomb threats that delayed the opening of the St. Petersburg lgbt film festival and shootings and bomb threats at gay clubs in Moscow. In the face of the uptick of violence, the International Olympic Committee has remained silent.
On November 16, 2013, two gunmen opened fire at Central Station, a gay club in Moscow. The shooting injured no one, but bullets were sprayed into the building. A week later, a gas bomb was exploded at the same venue. Although some 500 clubgoers were affected by the gas, they refused to seek help from a hospital because of the stigma of being gay in Russia.
On November 21, 2013, the opening of the St. Petersburg lgbt film festival was delayed by a called-in bomb threat. The call came as an agressive group of anti-gay protesters taunted the attendees.
Earlier in November, anti-gay thugs stormed a glbtq community center in Moscow. In the melee, activist Dmitry Chizhevsky was blinded in his right eye by a metal pellet shot from a pneumatic pistol.
There is no question that glbtq people in Russia now live in a climate of fear and violence, as they are increasingly subject to public acts of harassment and private acts of torture.
Despite the reports of increased violence against glbtq citizens in Russia, the International Olympic Committee has maintained its silence, eloquently expressing its indifference to the oppression experienced by gay people in the host country of the Winter Games.
Queer Nation has underlined the apathy not only of the IOC, but also of the American sponsors of the Olympics in this chilling video, posted as a trailer for a forthcoming film about anti-gay oppression in Russia.