Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
In the election of November 5, 2013, Ed Murray is expected to coast to a decisive victory in his bid to become Seattle's first openly gay mayor. Murray, who was the chief sponsor of Washington's marriage equality bill that became law when it was approved state-wide in a November 2012 referendum, is Washington's Senate Majority Leader, a position to which he was elected by acclamation soon after the November election. He served eleven years in the state House of Representatives before being elected to the Senate in 2006. He has made his commitment to equal rights a cornerstone of his campaign for mayor.
In a story about the campaign for mayor of Seattle in the New York Times, Kirk Johnson notes that a recent poll has Murray leading incumbent Mayor Mike McGinn by 17 percentage points.
Johnson also notes that Murray may be benefiting from his sexual orientation. Not only does Seattle now surpass San Francisco in having the highest percentage of same-sex households among big cities in the nation--2.61 percent, compared with 2.46 in San Francisco--according to census figures, but Seattle also voted voted overwhelmingly in favor of the marriage equality bill.
Murray's first campaign ad introduced Murray walking with his husband Michael Shiosaki. The men were wed on August 10, 2013 in a traditional Episcopal ceremony at St. Mark's Cathedral near their home in Seattle's Capitol Hill district.
Murray's final campaign ad also closes with the same image of the two men walking together.
As Johnson describes the final television advertisement, "The ad features a parade of supporters not so subtly answering a question about their belief in Mr. Murray and the city's future under his leadership with the repeated refrain, 'I do.' The ad's final scene: a lesbian marriage."
Below is Murray's first campaign ad.
Below is Murray's final campaign ad.