The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
An Associated Press story run in the New York Times on May 11, 2012 says that Argentina's new gender rights law has established the country as the world's leader in transgender rights. The law gives individuals the freedom to change their legal and physical gender identity without having to undergo judicial, psychiatric, and medical procedures beforehand.
The law, which was passed by the Senate on a 55-0 vote on May 9, 2012, is the latest in a growing list of bold moves on social issues by the Argentine government, which also legalized gay marriage two years ago.
Although these changes primarily affect minority groups, President Cristina Fernández describes them as "fundamental." For a democratic society still shaking off the human rights violations of the 1976-1983 dictatorship and the long repression of the Roman Catholic Church, the changes are both remarkable and necessary.
Transgender activists have said that no other country has gone so far to embrace gender self-determination. In the United States and Europe, transgender people must submit to physical and mental health exams and get past a series of other obstacles before accessing sex-change treatments, including hormones as well as surgery.
Justus Eisfeld, co-director of Global Action for Trans Equality in New York, has hailed the fact that Argentina's law is the first to give citizens the right to change their legal gender without first changing their bodies.
"The fact that there are no medical requirements at all--no surgery, no hormone treatment and no diagnosis--is a real game changer and completely unique in the world. It is light years ahead of the vast majority of countries, including the U.S., and significantly ahead of even the most advanced countries," said Eisfeld, who researched the laws of the 47 countries for the Council of Europe's human rights commission.
The law was drafted by the legal team of the Argentine Transvestite, Transsexual and Transgender Association, assisted by an international coalition of activist groups advocating that governments drop barriers to people determining their own gender identity.
"This law is saying that we're not going to require you to live as a man or a woman, or to change your anatomy in some way. They're saying that what you say you are is what you are. And that's extraordinary," said Katrina Karkazis, a Stanford University bioethicist and author of Fixing Sex, a study of the legal and medical boundaries around gender identity issues in the United States.
Predictably, the Catholic Church opposed the new gender law, just as they vigorously opposed the marriage equality law. But while most Argentines still identify as Catholics and Catholicism remains the nation's official religion, the Church has seen a massive loss of moral and political authority in the last few years, in part because the Catholic hierarchy has been closely linked with the military junta that killed as many as 30,000 people during the dictatorship.
The video below was produced as part of a transgender rights campaign in Argentina.