Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Dan Kloeffler comes out.
In the wee hours of Sunday morning October 16, 2011, ABC World News Now anchor Dan Kloeffler reported on the coming out of actor Zachary Quinto, who had told a New York magazine interviewer that he felt obligated to come out because of the recent spate of gay youth suicides. Kloeffler added, "He's 34, I'm 35. I'm thinking, I can lose my distraction about dating actors." Kloeffler's casual coming out on national television reflects a sea-change in attitudes toward homosexuality in the newsrooms of American television networks.
In his ABC News blog, Kloeffler elaborated on his decision to come out on air: "Kind of a big moment for me while filling in on World News Now, which is by far the most fun you can legally have at 3:00 in the morning! Yunji de Nies and I were talking about celebrity headlines, when I read the story about Zachary Quinto, who played Spock in "Star Trek," coming out as gay in a magazine interview. Because WNN is a show where you can offer some personality, I had a little fun with the story saying that I would drop my rule against dating actors.
"I've never shared that I'm gay on-air, even though I've been out to my family, friends and co-workers for years. In fact, an old boyfriend--now best friend--has always given me a hard time about not doing so. But for the same reason that Zach decided to come out, I too, no longer wanted to hide this part of my life.
"There have been too many tragic endings and too many cases of bullying because of intolerance. As a kid I wanted someone to look up to, someone that could relate to the feelings I was having. Most of all, I wanted to know that it would get better.
"And it did."
Kloeffler added: "As a journalist, I don't want to be the story, but as a gay man I don't want to stand silent if I can offer some inspiration or encouragement to kids that might be struggling with who they are."
Kloeffler thus joins openly gay national television news anchors, commentators, and reporters such as Thomas Roberts (MSNBC), Don Lemon (CNN), Rachel Maddow (MSNBC), Jason Bellini (CBS), Jonathan Capehart (MSNBC), John Yang (NBC), Jeffrey Kofman (ABC), Miguel Marquez (ABC), Steve Kmetko (E!), Richard Rodriguez (PBS), and Jane Velez-Mitchell (CNN), to say nothing of Pete Williams (NBC), who was outed in 1991 by Michelangelo Signorile, when Williams was a Pentagon spokesman charged with defending the ban on gays in the military, or such frequent guests on news shows as John Aravosis, Keith Boykin, Dan Savage, Richard Socarides, and Andrew Sullivan .
The recent proliferation of openly gay or lesbian television journalists is reflective of a new level of acceptance of homosexuality in television news. More and more, television news shows present news about homosexuality straightforwardly and with an understanding that such news is of interest to a increasingly wide and general audience.
Moreover, on some networks--most notably, on forward-leaning MSNBC--news anchors, including but not limited to those who are gay and lesbian--are permitted to make clear their own support for marriage equality and other glbtq causes. Such openness would have been unthinkable even five years ago.
There are still problems in television's reporting on the quest for equal rights, especially the continuing practice of giving a platform to representatives of hate groups like the Family Research Council and allowing anti-gay politicians and religious figures to spout misinformation about gay people. But there is no question that the treatment of gay people now is vastly improved from what it was just a few years ago.
One reason for the improvement in reporting is the fact that television journalists have felt increasingly freer to be open, notwithstanding the fact that the most famous gay journalist of all remains officially closeted, his sexuality an open secret that is resolutely unaddressed either on air or off.
Here is video of Kloeffler's nonchalant coming out on air: