Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
The massive celebration of gay pride in Paris this weekend was energized by news that France is likely to achieve marriage equality within a few months. Observers said that the record 700,000 participants in Paris's pride parade on July 1, 2012 exhibited an unprecedented optimism and confidence.
Coming on the heels of newly-elected President Francois Hollande's triumph in the recent parliamentary elections, which gave his Socialist party an absolute majority, the Pride celebration reflected the French gay movement's new sense of confidence.
On June 29, 2012, President Hollande's office issued a statement saying that same-sex marriage and adoption rights will be legalized within "the next few months."
The President's promise was echoed by Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault and by Dominique Bertinotti, the new minister for families.
As Dan Littauer reports in PinkNews, Bertinotti attended the launch of the Pride events and reiterated the government's support for equality.
Also participating in the celebration was Paris Mayor Bertrand Delanoë.
Nicholas Gougain, spokesperson for the gay rights group Inter-LGBT, told Le Figaro that "This is a special parade because it is the first time we have a government, a president, a parliament who are in favour of progress."
The jubilant marchers in the parade made their way from Montparnasse to the Place de la Bastille. Its motto was "l'Égalité n'attend plus!" (Equality can't wait!).
The motto was in contrast to last year's motto, "Equality. We march in 2011, but vote in 2012," which was seen as a reaction to the homophobic policies of the conservative government of former President Sarkozy.
Activist Sandrine Ageorges-Skinner from the Ensemble Contre la Peine de Mort group described this year's celebration as "extraordinary, I've never seen such attendance, and I've participated for many years in pride marches."
"It was very festive due to the government's announcement, it was really dynamic and diverse--so many people of different ages, origins, participated, it was really a true celebration of diversity and tolerance. It really gave us a lot of energy!"
The parade was co-hosted by actor Charles Berling and actress and director Zabou Breitman. The latter said that even people who have no interest in marriage for themselves should support marriage equality. "It's equality that counts," she said. "They have the choice to say no to marriage."
The celebratory atmosphere of the Pride observances in Paris is captured in the video below, from ParisDailyPhoto.com.