Although few gay actors have been permitted the luxury of openness, many of them have challenged and helped reconfigure notions of masculinity and, to a lesser extent, of homosexuality.
Lesbian actresses have played a significant role in Hollywood, but their contributions have rarely been recognized or spoken of openly; the "lavender marriage" is by no means a relic of the past.
Considering the unique set of problems facing lesbians who want to produce erotic art for the enjoyment of other lesbians, it is remarkable that so much lesbian erotica has been produced in so brief a time.
Olympian Brian Orser, known for both his athleticism and artistry, led a resurgence of Canada as a force to be reckoned with in men's figure skating; after being outed in a palimony suit, he has become an advocate for glbtq rights.
Although American gay film icon Brad Davis has been described as "the first heterosexual actor to die of AIDS," he was widely known as bisexual within the entertainment community.
Handsome, athletic, graceful, and charismatic, actor Errol Flynn was widely rumored to enjoy sexual relations with men as well as women.
In nineteenth-century America men who loved other men often suffered from guilt, but artists such as Winslow Homer and Thomas Eakins celebrated male camaraderie and affection, while expatriate John Singer Sargent depicted the dandy, and photographs documented male friendships.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
The massive celebration of gay pride in Paris this weekend was energized by news that France is likely to achieve marriage equality within a few months. Observers said that the record 700,000 participants in Paris's pride parade on July 1, 2012 exhibited an unprecedented optimism and confidence.
Coming on the heels of newly-elected President Francois Hollande's triumph in the recent parliamentary elections, which gave his Socialist party an absolute majority, the Pride celebration reflected the French gay movement's new sense of confidence.
On June 29, 2012, President Hollande's office issued a statement saying that same-sex marriage and adoption rights will be legalized within "the next few months."
The President's promise was echoed by Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault and by Dominique Bertinotti, the new minister for families.
As Dan Littauer reports in PinkNews, Bertinotti attended the launch of the Pride events and reiterated the government's support for equality.
Also participating in the celebration was Paris Mayor Bertrand Delanoë.
Nicholas Gougain, spokesperson for the gay rights group Inter-LGBT, told Le Figaro that "This is a special parade because it is the first time we have a government, a president, a parliament who are in favour of progress."
The jubilant marchers in the parade made their way from Montparnasse to the Place de la Bastille. Its motto was "l'Égalité n'attend plus!" (Equality can't wait!).
The motto was in contrast to last year's motto, "Equality. We march in 2011, but vote in 2012," which was seen as a reaction to the homophobic policies of the conservative government of former President Sarkozy.
Activist Sandrine Ageorges-Skinner from the Ensemble Contre la Peine de Mort group described this year's celebration as "extraordinary, I've never seen such attendance, and I've participated for many years in pride marches."
"It was very festive due to the government's announcement, it was really dynamic and diverse--so many people of different ages, origins, participated, it was really a true celebration of diversity and tolerance. It really gave us a lot of energy!"
The parade was co-hosted by actor Charles Berling and actress and director Zabou Breitman. The latter said that even people who have no interest in marriage for themselves should support marriage equality. "It's equality that counts," she said. "They have the choice to say no to marriage."
The celebratory atmosphere of the Pride observances in Paris is captured in the video below, from ParisDailyPhoto.com.