Long-distance swimmer and respected sports commentator has in more recent years spoken out on issues of glbtq rights.
Indian playwright, screenwriter, dancer, director, and actor Mahesh Dattani is an important figure in South Asian gay culture by virtue of his recurrent depiction of queer characters.
Entertainer Josephine Baker achieved acclaim as the twentieth century's first international black female sex symbol, but kept carefully hidden her many sexual liaisons with women, which continued from adolescence to the end of her life.
American painter Paul Cadmus is best known for the satiric innocence of his frequently censored paintings of burly men in skin-tight clothes, but he also created works that celebrate same-sex domesticity.
San Francisco visual artist Jerome Caja is known for his small, sensuous combinations of found objects, which he painted with nail polish, makeup, and glitter, as well as for his drag performances.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
D. Bruce Hanes on the Rachel Maddow show.
On September 12, 2013, Pennsylvania state judge Dante Pelligrini ordered Montgomery County Registrar of Wills D. Bruce Hanes to cease issuing marriage licenses to same-sex couples. Hanes, who has issued 174 marriage licenses to gay and lesbian couples, contended that the law prohibiting same-sex marriage in Pennsylvania is unconstitutional. Judge Pelligrini, however, ruled that Hanes had "failed to comply with his mandatory ministerial public duty" under the marriage law.
The decision came after considering more than 500 pages of legal briefing and a hearing on September 4.
The judge concluded that "A clerk of courts has not been given the discretion to decide . . . whether the statute he or she is charged to enforce is a good idea or bad one, constitutional or not. Only courts have the power to make that decision."
Pelligrini did not address either the constitutionality of the marriage law, which is under challenge in federal district court, nor the validity of the same-sex marriages that have been performed as a result of Hanes's issuance of licenses.
In his opinion, Pelligrini says that even if Hanes is correct that portions of the Pennsylvania marriage law are unconstitutional, that determination can only be made by aggrieved parties bringing an appropriate court action to challenge the law.
As Tony Romeo and Jenn Bernstein report in CBS Philly, Hanes expressed disappointment in the decision. He said that he "will be reviewing the decision with county solicitor Ray McGarry and my solicitor Michael Clark to discuss with them next steps, including the possibility of appeal. In the meantime, I will fully comply with the Court's order."
Montgomery County Commissioners Leslie Richards and Chairman Josh Shapiro, who supported Hanes's decision to issue the marriage licenses, said, "We are disappointed in the court's decisions but we also recognize it is a long legal process and it is one that we're going to see through."
The State's General Counsel, who brought the lawsuit against Hanes, issued a statement about the judge's decision, saying in part, "We respect the interests and dignity of all the parties involved in this case, but we are a government of laws and it is important that all office holders across the state enforce those laws uniformly."
The decision may be read below.