With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
Proposition 8 and Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) cases have been docketed for the September 24, 2012 conference of the United States Supreme Court. The September 24 conference is the earliest conference at which Supreme Court justices, freshly returned from their summer recess, will consider petitions for certiorari (or requests to review the decision of a lower court) to decide which cases they will accept for review during the 2012-2013 session of the Court.
Scottie Thomaston of Prop 8 Trial Tracker reports that the Prop 8 case (now known as Hollingsworth v. Perry) and at least one of the DOMA cases, Windsor v. U.S.A., have been distributed for review at the September 24 conference.
Other DOMA cases, including Golinski v. Office of Personnel Management and the combined DOMA cases from Massachusetts, have also reportedly been distributed for review at the September 24 conference, but the Supreme Court Docket pages for these cases do not yet reflect this.
To accept a case for review, at lest four Justices must vote in favor. The Supreme Court could announce whether it will review these cases as early as September 25, the day after the conference, although it is possible that they may be rescheduled for a later conference. If the cases are rescheduled or held over for later conferences, it could be as late October 9th before the Court announces whether it will accept these cases for review.
If the Supreme Court declines to review the Prop 8 case, that case is over and Proposition 8 is dead, officially declared unconstitutional.
Same-sex marriages in California could begin early in October if on September 24 the Supreme Court declines to accept Hollingsworth v. Perry for review.
The Supreme Court is expected to accept one or more of the DOMA cases for review. If it does, a schedule of arguments and deadlines for briefs will be issued in the cases. A decision as to the constitutionality of section 3 of DOMA could be handed down by June 2013.
In the video below, aired on February 7, 2012, when the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals declared Proposition 8 unconstitutional, famed litigator Theodore Olson appears on the Rachel Maddow show to explain the ruling.