Although few gay actors have been permitted the luxury of openness, many of them have challenged and helped reconfigure notions of masculinity and, to a lesser extent, of homosexuality.
Considering the unique set of problems facing lesbians who want to produce erotic art for the enjoyment of other lesbians, it is remarkable that so much lesbian erotica has been produced in so brief a time.
Lesbian actresses have played a significant role in Hollywood, but their contributions have rarely been recognized or spoken of openly; the "lavender marriage" is by no means a relic of the past.
Although American gay film icon Brad Davis has been described as "the first heterosexual actor to die of AIDS," he was widely known as bisexual within the entertainment community.
Long-distance swimmer and respected sports commentator has in more recent years spoken out on issues of glbtq rights.
The greatest dancer of his time, Rudolf Nureyev also gave the world a new and glamorous image of a sexually active gay man.
While nude depictions of women appear in most cultures, on both sides of the equator, and in rich variety, lesbian artists have been particularly resourceful in their use of the female nude.
Handsome, athletic, graceful, and charismatic, actor Errol Flynn was widely rumored to enjoy sexual relations with men as well as women.
Proposition 8 and Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) cases have been docketed for the September 24, 2012 conference of the United States Supreme Court. The September 24 conference is the earliest conference at which Supreme Court justices, freshly returned from their summer recess, will consider petitions for certiorari (or requests to review the decision of a lower court) to decide which cases they will accept for review during the 2012-2013 session of the Court.
Scottie Thomaston of Prop 8 Trial Tracker reports that the Prop 8 case (now known as Hollingsworth v. Perry) and at least one of the DOMA cases, Windsor v. U.S.A., have been distributed for review at the September 24 conference.
Other DOMA cases, including Golinski v. Office of Personnel Management and the combined DOMA cases from Massachusetts, have also reportedly been distributed for review at the September 24 conference, but the Supreme Court Docket pages for these cases do not yet reflect this.
To accept a case for review, at lest four Justices must vote in favor. The Supreme Court could announce whether it will review these cases as early as September 25, the day after the conference, although it is possible that they may be rescheduled for a later conference. If the cases are rescheduled or held over for later conferences, it could be as late October 9th before the Court announces whether it will accept these cases for review.
If the Supreme Court declines to review the Prop 8 case, that case is over and Proposition 8 is dead, officially declared unconstitutional.
Same-sex marriages in California could begin early in October if on September 24 the Supreme Court declines to accept Hollingsworth v. Perry for review.
The Supreme Court is expected to accept one or more of the DOMA cases for review. If it does, a schedule of arguments and deadlines for briefs will be issued in the cases. A decision as to the constitutionality of section 3 of DOMA could be handed down by June 2013.
In the video below, aired on February 7, 2012, when the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals declared Proposition 8 unconstitutional, famed litigator Theodore Olson appears on the Rachel Maddow show to explain the ruling.