Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
Proposition 8 and Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) cases have been docketed for the September 24, 2012 conference of the United States Supreme Court. The September 24 conference is the earliest conference at which Supreme Court justices, freshly returned from their summer recess, will consider petitions for certiorari (or requests to review the decision of a lower court) to decide which cases they will accept for review during the 2012-2013 session of the Court.
Scottie Thomaston of Prop 8 Trial Tracker reports that the Prop 8 case (now known as Hollingsworth v. Perry) and at least one of the DOMA cases, Windsor v. U.S.A., have been distributed for review at the September 24 conference.
Other DOMA cases, including Golinski v. Office of Personnel Management and the combined DOMA cases from Massachusetts, have also reportedly been distributed for review at the September 24 conference, but the Supreme Court Docket pages for these cases do not yet reflect this.
To accept a case for review, at lest four Justices must vote in favor. The Supreme Court could announce whether it will review these cases as early as September 25, the day after the conference, although it is possible that they may be rescheduled for a later conference. If the cases are rescheduled or held over for later conferences, it could be as late October 9th before the Court announces whether it will accept these cases for review.
If the Supreme Court declines to review the Prop 8 case, that case is over and Proposition 8 is dead, officially declared unconstitutional.
Same-sex marriages in California could begin early in October if on September 24 the Supreme Court declines to accept Hollingsworth v. Perry for review.
The Supreme Court is expected to accept one or more of the DOMA cases for review. If it does, a schedule of arguments and deadlines for briefs will be issued in the cases. A decision as to the constitutionality of section 3 of DOMA could be handed down by June 2013.
In the video below, aired on February 7, 2012, when the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals declared Proposition 8 unconstitutional, famed litigator Theodore Olson appears on the Rachel Maddow show to explain the ruling.