Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
The writers of the Beat Generation, many of whom were gay or bisexual, endorsed gay rights as a part of their rebellion against inhibition and self-censorship.
The Comedy of Manners, which flourished on the Restoration stage, has been particularly amenable to twentieth-century gay male writers as a vehicle for social satire in both dramatic and nondramatic works.
Using his and his family's experiences, particularly his childhood in Raleigh, North Carolina, and his own wacky perspective on life, David Sedaris has become a world-famous humorist, comedian, writer, playwright, and radio personality.
From the great modernist writers of the 1920s and 1930s to the pulp writers of the 1950s to the lesbian writers of today, lesbian novelists have had a powerful impact on the lesbian community.
From its beginning, the nineteenth century in England had a purposeful homosexual literature of considerable bulk, both male and female, though it was fettered by oppression.
Persecuted for his homosexuality by the Castro government he had once championed, Cuban novelist, essayist, and poet Reinaldo Arenas challenged all types of ideological dogmatism.
Baudelaire was among the first French poets to include lesbians as subjects.
Proposition 8 and Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) cases have been docketed for the September 24, 2012 conference of the United States Supreme Court. The September 24 conference is the earliest conference at which Supreme Court justices, freshly returned from their summer recess, will consider petitions for certiorari (or requests to review the decision of a lower court) to decide which cases they will accept for review during the 2012-2013 session of the Court.
Scottie Thomaston of Prop 8 Trial Tracker reports that the Prop 8 case (now known as Hollingsworth v. Perry) and at least one of the DOMA cases, Windsor v. U.S.A., have been distributed for review at the September 24 conference.
Other DOMA cases, including Golinski v. Office of Personnel Management and the combined DOMA cases from Massachusetts, have also reportedly been distributed for review at the September 24 conference, but the Supreme Court Docket pages for these cases do not yet reflect this.
To accept a case for review, at lest four Justices must vote in favor. The Supreme Court could announce whether it will review these cases as early as September 25, the day after the conference, although it is possible that they may be rescheduled for a later conference. If the cases are rescheduled or held over for later conferences, it could be as late October 9th before the Court announces whether it will accept these cases for review.
If the Supreme Court declines to review the Prop 8 case, that case is over and Proposition 8 is dead, officially declared unconstitutional.
Same-sex marriages in California could begin early in October if on September 24 the Supreme Court declines to accept Hollingsworth v. Perry for review.
The Supreme Court is expected to accept one or more of the DOMA cases for review. If it does, a schedule of arguments and deadlines for briefs will be issued in the cases. A decision as to the constitutionality of section 3 of DOMA could be handed down by June 2013.
In the video below, aired on February 7, 2012, when the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals declared Proposition 8 unconstitutional, famed litigator Theodore Olson appears on the Rachel Maddow show to explain the ruling.