Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
In advance of a demonstration scheduled for December 12, 2013 at NBC headquarters, Queer Nation New York has released a stunning video criticizing the network, the International Olympic Committee, and American corporate sponsors for their "jive talk" about the Sochi Winter Games and their lack of concern regarding Russia's ongoing pogrom targeting its glbtq citizens.
The video is described as "the not at all inspiring tale of the International Olympic Committee and eleven of the top Olympic sponsors' Road to Sochi. This coalition of some of the biggest mega-corporations on Earth dutifully and unfortunately followed the lead of feckless IOC president Thomas Bach. They have made a collective agreement that the shining ideals of the Olympic charter are merely easily expendable platitudes if they ever threaten to interfere with the collecting of large wheel barrows full of Olympic profits."
The YouTube description of the video continues, "The result of the IOC and sponsors' inaction is the Olympic charters' hollow assurances of non-discrimination and respect for basic human rights have now been reduced to mere jive talk and many in the global LGBTQ community are not at all fooled by it."
Queer Nation's condemnation comes as violence and threats of violence against glbtq people in Russia have become commonplace. Encouraged by the "anti-gay propaganda" law and other legislation targeting gay people, increased violence, often perpetrated by self-proclaimed vigilantes, has been reported in Russia. These include, in addition to brutal murders and harassment of individuals, bomb threats that regularly disrupt events and shootings and bombings at gay clubs and community centers.
There is no question that glbtq people in Russia now live in a climate of fear and violence, as they are increasingly subject to public acts of harassment and private acts of torture.
Despite the reports of increased violence against glbtq citizens in Russia, the International Olympic Committee has maintained its silence, eloquently expressing its indifference to the oppression experienced by gay people in the host country of the Winter Games.
Queer Nation has underlined the apathy not only of the IOC, but also of NBC and the American sponsors of the Olympics.