With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
The confrontations between police and demonstrators at the Stonewall Inn in New York City the weekend of June 27-29, 1969 mark the beginning of the modern glbtq movement for equal rights.
A social role for individuals who crossed or mixed male and female characteristics was one of the most widely distributed institutions of native North America.
The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
Mixed-orientation marriages--those in which one partner is straight and the other is gay or lesbian--often end in divorce, but such an ending is not inevitable.
"Leather" is a blanket term for a large array of sexual preferences, identities, relationship structures, and social organizations loosely tied together by the thread of what is conventionally understood as sadomasochistic sex.
Since the late nineteenth century, transgendered people have advocated legal and social reforms that would ameliorate the kinds of oppression and discrimination they suffer.
Formed soon after the Stonewall Riots of 1969, the short-lived but influential Gay Liberation Front brought a new militancy to the movement that became known as gay liberation.
Ricky Martin at the fifty-third annual Grammy Awards. Image courtesy rickymartin.com.
It was announced on November 4, 2011 that Spanish government ministers have agreed to extend Spanish citizenship to singer Ricky Martin. A government spokesman revealed that Martin has been granted a "letter of naturalization" issued under special circumstances because of his "personal and professional associations with Spain." Speculation is that Martin sought Spanish citizenship so that he and partner Carlos Gonzalez can wed in Spain, which in 2005 became the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
After years of ducking questions about his sexual orientation, Martin came out publicly in 2010 via a Twitter announcement: "I am proud to say that I am a fortunate homosexual man."
He attributed his decision to come out to the fact that he was working on a memoir and felt the need to be candid because "to keep living as I did up until today would be to indirectly diminish the glow that my kids were born with," alluding to the twin boys--Matteo and Valentino--he fathered via surrogacy in 2008.
Speculation is that Martin and Gonzalez, who have been together for four years and who are jointly rearing the twins, want to marry in Spain in order to secure the greater legal protections afforded non-traditional families in countries that recognize same-sex marriage.
In the six years since Spain legalized same-sex marriage, more than 20,000 gay and lesbian couples have wed there.
In a VH-1 "Behind the Music" special in August 2011, Martin discussed both his relationship with Gonzalez and his commitment to the struggle for equal rights. He described Gonzalez as follows: "My boyfriend is very sexy, very smart, very compassionate. But most importantly, he loves my children. . . . It is very beautiful. Super cool. I'm very happy."