The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Ricky Martin at the fifty-third annual Grammy Awards. Image courtesy rickymartin.com.
It was announced on November 4, 2011 that Spanish government ministers have agreed to extend Spanish citizenship to singer Ricky Martin. A government spokesman revealed that Martin has been granted a "letter of naturalization" issued under special circumstances because of his "personal and professional associations with Spain." Speculation is that Martin sought Spanish citizenship so that he and partner Carlos Gonzalez can wed in Spain, which in 2005 became the third country in the world to legalize same-sex marriage.
After years of ducking questions about his sexual orientation, Martin came out publicly in 2010 via a Twitter announcement: "I am proud to say that I am a fortunate homosexual man."
He attributed his decision to come out to the fact that he was working on a memoir and felt the need to be candid because "to keep living as I did up until today would be to indirectly diminish the glow that my kids were born with," alluding to the twin boys--Matteo and Valentino--he fathered via surrogacy in 2008.
Speculation is that Martin and Gonzalez, who have been together for four years and who are jointly rearing the twins, want to marry in Spain in order to secure the greater legal protections afforded non-traditional families in countries that recognize same-sex marriage.
In the six years since Spain legalized same-sex marriage, more than 20,000 gay and lesbian couples have wed there.
In a VH-1 "Behind the Music" special in August 2011, Martin discussed both his relationship with Gonzalez and his commitment to the struggle for equal rights. He described Gonzalez as follows: "My boyfriend is very sexy, very smart, very compassionate. But most importantly, he loves my children. . . . It is very beautiful. Super cool. I'm very happy."