Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The bisexual Lord Byron treated many of his homosexual love affairs in his poetry, encoding them by the use of classical references or by purporting that they were affairs with women.
Before Stonewall, censorship of the theater caused authors to encode homosexual content in publicly-presented plays.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Sri Lankan-Canadian writer Shyam Selvadurai has emerged as a significant figure in post-colonial and gay writing by virtue of the style, wit, and perspicacity of his three novels.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
A vigorous gay and lesbian literature emerged in the Philippines in the last two decades of the twentieth century.
On October 5, 2011, San Diego State University announced that, beginning in 2012, it will offer a major in lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender studies.
SDSU joins Hobart & William Smith College as one of only two colleges in the nation to offer an undergraduate major in lgbt studies, although a number of other schools offer majors in gender or sexuality studies in which glbtq studies are prominently included, and many more offer a minor, certificate, or concentration in the field.
The first Lesbian, Gay, and Bisexual Studies department was established at the City College of San Francisco in 1989; other early programs included the Center for Lesbian and Gay Studies at the City University of New York and the Lesbian and Gay Studies Center at Yale University.
Other pioneering schools in the field include Amherst College, Brown University, Carleton College, Indiana University, New York University, Rice University, San Francisco State University, University of Chicago, and University of Michigan.
SDSU has offered a minor in LGBT studies since 2009, and the new major builds on the university's strength in the field. "We had so many courses on LGBT issues in so many departments, a group of us got together to put together a major," Esther Rothblum, professor of Women's Studies and the LGBT Studies academic advisor, told Pat Flynn of the San Diego Union-Tribune.
She added that the major will put no extra burden on the university which, like all public higher education institutions in California, is dealing with a sharp reduction in state funding. "The fabulous thing about this is it isn't costing the university a dollar," she said. "The classes and the faculty are all there."
Campus Pride, a nonprofit group focused on making college campuses safe and inviting for glbtq students, has recognized SDSU as among the best colleges in the country for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender students.