Straight men who have sex with men do so for a number of reasons, but in general such activity is about physical release and sexual behaviors, not about attraction or desire for another man.
Transgender people--more specifically, people who were born male but present themselves as female--are Brazil's single most marginalized group.
Although best known for her crusade for women's suffrage, Susan B. Anthony spoke out on a range of feminist issues.
Cross-dressers have often been misunderstood and maligned, especially in societies with rigid gender roles.
The homosexuality of Frederick the Great of Prussia was an open secret during his reign, yet some historians have attempted to deny it or to diminish its significance.
Butch-femme identities are controversial and difficult to define with precision, but both roles subvert prescribed gender and sexual expectations; ultimately, the butch-femme dynamic is a unique way of living and loving.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
The lesbian "sex wars" of the 1980s, centered on issues of pornography and s/m, constituted one of the most significant debates among second-wave feminists in North America and Europe.
Scottish mystery writer Val McDermid speaks out in favor of the bill.
On November 20, 2013, the Scottish Parliament passed its marriage equality bill on first reading by an overwhelming majority. After a spirited debate, the Marriage and Civil Partnerships Bill was passed by a vote of 98 to 15, with 5 members abstaining. The bill must now be reviewed in committee and then, if approved, return for a final vote of Parliament, probably in early 2014.
As a writer for PinkNews observes, despite the remaining hurdles that the bill must overcome to become law, the vote on November 20 "was in many respects the most important vote because it revealed for the first time that a majority of MSPs supported introducing equal marriage."
While the outcome had been predicted, the margin of victory was surprising.
Liberal Democrat MSP Jim Hume said of the debate, "Today's vote was a big step forward for equality and a move towards the fairer Scotland that we all want to see. The principle we are debating here is very simple. Same-sex partners do not love one another any less than other couples. Their relationships deserve the same recognition and protections as any other."
He added, "The word 'historic' is often thrown around far too easily in politics, but this was a genuinely historic day for Scotland. Today's vote was not just on a bill. It was on the principle of a fundamental reform that will demonstrate clearly that our Scottish society values everyone--no matter their sexuality."
The Bill will now be considered by Parliament's equal opportunities committee, which may propose amendments. The Bill will then be returned to Parliament for a final vote.
There is some speculation that the government is hoping to time the progress of the Bill so that it will go into effect at the same time marriage equality goes into effect in England and Wales.
Although marriage equality is strongly opposed by the Roman Catholic Church and the Church of Scotland, neither of which will be required to offer same-sex marriages under the Bill, it is supported by several religious groups that are eager to perform marriages for gay and lesbian couples.
Among these groups are Quakers. Paul Parker, Recording Clerk for Quakers in Britain, said: "Quakers have recognized same-sex marriage since 2009 because we see God in everyone and believe all committed couples should be treated equally. We've been waiting for the law to catch up and it is good to see legislation making progress in Scotland."
Scottish Quaker Phil Lucas added, "It's a matter of justice and equality. We want this because Quakers have a longstanding commitment to equality and we wish to express our belief in the right of all committed couples who love each other to be treated equally."
Acclaimed Scottish writer Val McDermid issued the video below before the vote supporting equal marriage.