The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
St. Petersburg's embattled Side by Side International LGBT Film Festival came to an end on November 30, 2013 with yet another bomb threat, support from international guests, including Gus Van Sant, Dustin Lance Black, and Bruce Cohen, and the presentation of awards. In addition, the festival was presented with a hand-sewn rainbow flag from Gilbert Baker, the creator of the flag that has become an international symbol of the struggle for equal rights.
In spite of harassment by officials and self-appointed censors, the Side by Side LGBT Film Festival returned for its sixth year to St. Petersburg. The festival, which opened on November 21, presented screenings, lectures, and discussions of films and glbtq issues and rights.
The festival was repeatedly plagued by bomb threats from homophobes that necessitated the evacuations of venues and changes of schedules. Perhaps predictably, it was again targeted five minutes before the closing ceremonies.
After police checked for bombs, the ceremonies proceeded.
A highlight of the closing ceremonies was a discussion by the creative team responsible for Milk, the biopic about martyred San Francisco Supervisor Harvey Milk. Director Gus Van Sant, screenwriter Dustin Lance Black, and producer Bruce Cohen answered questions about the film and about glbtq issues generally, and strongly reiterated their support for the glbtq community in Russia. Black told the audience, "The world is watching."
Black also presented to the organizers of the festival a surprise gift, signifying friendship and solidarity, from Gilbert Baker of a hand-sewn rainbow flag with the words "SUPPORT RUSSIAN GAYS."
Awards were presented to the following films that were screened during the festival: Blue Is the Warmest Color (Best Feature); Valentine Road (Best Documentary); Straight with You (Best Documentary Short); Undress Me (Best Short Film); and Matterhorn (Audience Award).
Festival organizer Manny De Guerre pledged to persevere in the face of harassment and discrimination.
Below is a trailer announcing the festival.