The works of García Lorca, internationally recognized as Spain's most prominent lyric poet and dramatist of the twentieth century, are filled with thinly veiled homosexual motifs and themes.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
In a two-part program aired on the BBC on October 15 and 16, 2013, British actor and activist Stephen Fry confronts homophobia. In the documentary, which is entitled Stephen Fry: Out There, he travels to Brazil, Russia, Uganda, India, and the United States, to explore various manifestations of homophobia around the world, from Uganda's "kill the gays" bill to the U.S. as birthplace of reparative therapy.
In an interview for BBC Media Centre, Fry discusses the program, and says, "I know some people might watch this and go, 'Why does he have to go on about being gay? Who cares!' and that is my ideal position in the world. When the day comes when everyone says, 'who cares!' that would be bliss. I wish people didn't care."
In the video below, from Part One of the program, presented on October 15, Fry visits Los Angeles, where he confronts the issue of reparative therapy and meets briefly with Joseph Nicolosi of the National Association of Research and Therapy for Homosexuality (NARTH).
A notably versatile actor, Fry may best be known for his performance in the lead role of the film Wilde (1997), in which he seemed to embody perfectly the great playwright and victim of intolerance.
In addition, Fry is an accomplished comedian, novelist, memoirist, and philanthropist. He has become an increasingly outspoken advocate for gay rights. Most recently, he has strongly condemned the pogrom against gay people currently underway in Russia.