Long-distance swimmer and respected sports commentator has in more recent years spoken out on issues of glbtq rights.
Indian playwright, screenwriter, dancer, director, and actor Mahesh Dattani is an important figure in South Asian gay culture by virtue of his recurrent depiction of queer characters.
Entertainer Josephine Baker achieved acclaim as the twentieth century's first international black female sex symbol, but kept carefully hidden her many sexual liaisons with women, which continued from adolescence to the end of her life.
American painter Paul Cadmus is best known for the satiric innocence of his frequently censored paintings of burly men in skin-tight clothes, but he also created works that celebrate same-sex domesticity.
San Francisco visual artist Jerome Caja is known for his small, sensuous combinations of found objects, which he painted with nail polish, makeup, and glitter, as well as for his drag performances.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
In a two-part program aired on the BBC on October 15 and 16, 2013, British actor and activist Stephen Fry confronts homophobia. In the documentary, which is entitled Stephen Fry: Out There, he travels to Brazil, Russia, Uganda, India, and the United States, to explore various manifestations of homophobia around the world, from Uganda's "kill the gays" bill to the U.S. as birthplace of reparative therapy.
In an interview for BBC Media Centre, Fry discusses the program, and says, "I know some people might watch this and go, 'Why does he have to go on about being gay? Who cares!' and that is my ideal position in the world. When the day comes when everyone says, 'who cares!' that would be bliss. I wish people didn't care."
In the video below, from Part One of the program, presented on October 15, Fry visits Los Angeles, where he confronts the issue of reparative therapy and meets briefly with Joseph Nicolosi of the National Association of Research and Therapy for Homosexuality (NARTH).
A notably versatile actor, Fry may best be known for his performance in the lead role of the film Wilde (1997), in which he seemed to embody perfectly the great playwright and victim of intolerance.
In addition, Fry is an accomplished comedian, novelist, memoirist, and philanthropist. He has become an increasingly outspoken advocate for gay rights. Most recently, he has strongly condemned the pogrom against gay people currently underway in Russia.