Female impersonation need say nothing about sexual identity, but it has for a long time been almost an institutionalized aspect of gay male culture.
Although sparse in images documenting the gay community, pre-Stonewall gay male photography blurs the boundaries between art, erotica, and social history.
Given the historic stigma around making, circulating, and possessing overtly homoerotic images, the visual arts have been especially important for providing a socially sanctioned arena for depicting the naked male body and suggesting homoerotic desire.
Independent films that aggressively assert homosexual identity and queer culture, the New Queer Cinema can be seen as the culmination of several developments in American cinema.
Renowned photographer, teacher, critic, editor, and curator, Minor White created some of the most interesting photographs of male nudes of the second half of the twentieth century, but did not exhibit them for fear of scandal.
The first international fashion superstar, Halston dressed and befriended some of America's most glamorous women.
An artistic movement that grew out of Dadaism and flourished in Europe shortly after World War I, Surrealism embraced the idea that art was an expression of the subconscious.
Film, stage, and television actor Paul Winfield was openly gay in his private life, but maintained public silence about his homosexuality.
In a two-part program aired on the BBC on October 15 and 16, 2013, British actor and activist Stephen Fry confronts homophobia. In the documentary, which is entitled Stephen Fry: Out There, he travels to Brazil, Russia, Uganda, India, and the United States, to explore various manifestations of homophobia around the world, from Uganda's "kill the gays" bill to the U.S. as birthplace of reparative therapy.
In an interview for BBC Media Centre, Fry discusses the program, and says, "I know some people might watch this and go, 'Why does he have to go on about being gay? Who cares!' and that is my ideal position in the world. When the day comes when everyone says, 'who cares!' that would be bliss. I wish people didn't care."
In the video below, from Part One of the program, presented on October 15, Fry visits Los Angeles, where he confronts the issue of reparative therapy and meets briefly with Joseph Nicolosi of the National Association of Research and Therapy for Homosexuality (NARTH).
A notably versatile actor, Fry may best be known for his performance in the lead role of the film Wilde (1997), in which he seemed to embody perfectly the great playwright and victim of intolerance.
In addition, Fry is an accomplished comedian, novelist, memoirist, and philanthropist. He has become an increasingly outspoken advocate for gay rights. Most recently, he has strongly condemned the pogrom against gay people currently underway in Russia.