The sexual revolution of post-World War II America changed sexual and gender roles profoundly.
With reports from hundreds of sub-Saharan African locales of male-male sexual relations and from about fifty of female-female sexual relations, it is clear that same-sex sexual relations existed in traditional African societies, though varying in forms and in the degree of public acceptance
In British law, Section 28 of the Local Government Act, enforced from 1988 until 2003, prohibited the promotion of homosexuality and teaching the acceptability of homosexuality as a "pretended family relationship".
The Hijras--men who dress and act like women--have been a presence in India for generations, maintaining a third-gender role that has become institutionalized through tradition.
The dominant ideology among politicized lesbians during the 1970s and 1980s, Lesbian Feminism was based on the premise that lesbianism and feminism were inextricably linked.
Harvey Milk, among the first openly gay man to be elected to public office in the United States, was assassinated in San Francisco's City Hall, making him the American gay liberation movement's most visible martyr.
By the early twentieth-century, YMCAs had become popular havens for men who sought sex with other men.
Compulsory heterosexuality is the assumption that women and men are innately attracted to each other emotionally and sexually and that heterosexuality is universal, a view that leads to an institutional inequality of power that privileges heterosexual males and denigrates women, especially lesbians.
Straight allies have recently emerged as a key element in the equal rights movement. In a new video, Dan Savage reminds us that the glbtq community is a small minority and that our recent progress in the struggle for equal rights has been made possible by our straight allies. He urges us to thank our allies and has established a Tumblr site in which to do so. In addition, an incident in Columbus, Ohio also demonstrates the welcome assertiveness of straight allies.
Savage's Tumblr site is called Straight Up Thanks. The columnist and "accidental activist" urges us to use the site to thank straight people who have spoken up for equal rights, volunteered to make our recent victories possible, and have otherwise supported glbtq people.
If you want to thank straight friends who have furthered equal rights, submit a photo and couple of sentences describing your friends and their supportive actions at the site.
Below is Savage's video.
A recent incident in Columbus, Ohio also indicates how assertive straight allies have become in defense of glbtq people. Joel Diaz and his friend Ethan were holding hands as they waited in line at a popular pizza truck when the guy in front of them tells them to cut out the "gay shit."
To learn what happened next read about it in the Huffington Post. Or watch the video below.
The emergence of assertive straight allies who are willing to confront bullies and stand up for fairness and equality is a pivotal event in the glbtq rights movement. It has been a long time coming.
Key to this emergence has been the growing acceptance of glbtq people within families, an acceptance that has been prompted by brave young people who have come out at increasingly early ages.
Prompted by organizations such as Parents, Families and Friends of Lesbians and Gays and educational programs that emphasize the problems of bullying, as well as the greater openness of glbtq people themselves, more and more straight people have educated themselves about homosexuality and have self-consciously identified as community allies.