Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Lady Gaga performing in 2010. Photograph by Flickr contributor Nellyfus (cc by-sa 2.0).
On December 4, 2011, at a gala benefiting the Trevor Project, Lady Gaga was presented the Trevor Hero Award for "being an inspiration to youth and increasing visibility and understanding of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and questioning community." The pop phenomenon and passionate advocate for glbtq youth recently established the Born This Way Foundation to empower youth to be proud of who they are and to accept others as they are.
"This award means more to me than any Grammy I could ever win," the singer said in accepting her award.
At the event held at the Hollywood Palladium, Google Inc. received the Trevor 2020 Award for "increasing visibility and understanding of LGBTQ issues" for their efforts to improve workplace equality.
The gala featured performances from Miley Cyrus, Mary J. Blige, Lee Ann Rimes, Neil Patrick Harris and David Burtka, and Darren Criss, among others.
The Trevor Project was founded in 1998 by James Lecense, Peggy Rajski, and Randy Stone to address the issue of teen suicide, especially among glbtq youth. The three had collaborated on the 1994 Academy Award-winning short film, Trevor, about a 13-year-old who attempts suicide.
Based in Los Angeles, the educational program has helped youth from all over the United States, especially through The Trevor Helpline, a toll-free suicide-prevention telephone counseling service.
At the gala on December 4, this delightful animated video was premiered: