Best known for his genius in art and architecture, Michelangelo was also an accomplished author of homoerotic poetry.
The bisexual Lord Byron treated many of his homosexual love affairs in his poetry, encoding them by the use of classical references or by purporting that they were affairs with women.
Before Stonewall, censorship of the theater caused authors to encode homosexual content in publicly-presented plays.
Combining elements of incongruity, theatricality, and exaggeration, camp is a form of humor that helps homosexuals cope with a hostile environment.
Sri Lankan-Canadian writer Shyam Selvadurai has emerged as a significant figure in post-colonial and gay writing by virtue of the style, wit, and perspicacity of his three novels.
There has always been homosexual involvement in American musical theatre and a homosexual sensibility even in straight musicals, and recently the Broadway musical has welcomed openly homosexual themes and situations.
The African-American gay male literary tradition consists of a substantial body of texts and includes some of the most gifted writers of the twentieth century.
A vigorous gay and lesbian literature emerged in the Philippines in the last two decades of the twentieth century.
On May 21, 2013, the United Kingdom's House of Commons passed the marriage equality bill on its third reading by a vote of 366 to 161. The bill now moves to the House of Lords.
The bill is expected to face more opposition in the House of Lords, but the overwhelming margin of victory in the Commons makes it unlikely that the Lords will be able to prevent the bill from becoming law. Prime Minister Cameron's government has said that if necessary it would invoke the Parliament Act to override opposition from the House of Lords.
In its "second reading" on February 5, 2013, the House of Commons voted 400 to 175 in favor of the coalition government's plan to permit same-sex marriage. The bill enables same-sex couples to be married in both civil and religious ceremonies, where a religious institution has formally consented, in England and Wales. It also allows couples who have previously entered into civil partnerships to convert their relationship into a marriage.
The bill, which was formally introduced on January 24, 2013, is the result of a long period of consultation. The consultation received a record 228,000 responses, a healthy majority of which were in favor of marriage equality.
Following its approval on February 5, the bill was subjected to the scrutiny of an MP's committee before making its way back to the Commons for a third reading, where it survived a number of poison-pill amendments designed to halt it before its approval on May 21.
Despite pressure from Tory back-benchers, Prime Minister David Cameron is committed to enacting the legislation.
Polls in Britain indicate healthy support for same-sex marriage despite the fierce and sometimes extreme opposition from the hierarchies of the Church of England, the Roman Catholic Church, and from some Evangelical Christian and Muslim organizations.
In the video below, from 2011, Prime Minister Cameron declares that he supports gay because he is a Conservative.