Although gay, lesbian, and queer theory are related practices, the three terms delineate separate emphases marked by different assumptions about the relationship between gender and sexuality.
The Harlem Renaissance, an African-American literary movement of the 1920s and 1930s, included several important gay and lesbian writers.
Oscar Wilde is important both as an accomplished writer and as a symbolic figure who exemplified a way of being homosexual at a pivotal moment in the emergence of gay consciousness.
Langston Hughes, whose literary legacy is enormous and varied, was closeted, but homosexuality was an important influence on his literary imagination, and many of his poems may be read as gay texts.
Conflicted over his own sexuality, Tennessee Williams wrote directly about homosexuality only in his short stories, his poetry, and his late plays.
Erotic and pornographic works have been written in many cultures since ancient times and recently have flourished with the relaxation of censorship.
Feminist literary theory is a complex, dynamic area of study that draws from a wide range of critical theories.
James Baldwin, a pioneering figure in twentieth-century literature, wrote sustained and articulate challenges to American racism and mandatory heterosexuality.
Ed Miliband, leader of the U.K.'s Labour Party, has added his support to the Out4Marriage campaign. In a video made to support marriage equality in Britain, Miliband said that his party believes that churches should be allowed to hold same-sex weddings, a provision which is not in the marriage equality legislation proposed by the Conservative government of Prime Minister David Cameron.
As Scott Roberts reports in PinkNews, "The Out4Marriage video is Mr Miliband's first major public comment on the issue of same-sex marriage since the 2010 Labour leadership election when he pledged his support for the issue. . . ."
Then Miliband said, "I want to see heterosexual and same-sex partnerships put on an equal basis and a Labour Party that I lead will campaign to make gay marriage happen."
According to Helene Mulholland of the Guardian, sources in the Labour Party have said that it is highly likely the party will "whip" its MPs to back marriage equality legislation, in contrast with Prime Minister Cameron, who has promised Conservative Party MPs a free or "conscience" vote because of divisions within the party.
Liberal Democrat MPs are also expected to be whipped to vote in favor of the marriage equality bill.
Miliband has been Leader of the Opposition since September 2010, when he was elected leader of the Labour Party, defeating among others his brother David, with whom he served in the cabinet of former Prime Minister Gordon Brown.
Here is his Out4Marriage video.